Does the HMHS Britannic wreck still have a grand staircase or any staterooms?

Does the HMHS Britannic wreck still have a grand staircase or any staterooms?


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Does the wreck of HMHS Britannic still have a grand staircase or any staterooms or were they all removed prior to being converted into a hospital ship?


RMS Britannic was initially requisitioned for use as a hospital ship on 13 November 1915. She was then renamed as HMHS Britannic and underwent a refit. From the Wikipedia article:

In the interior, 3,309 beds and several operating rooms were installed. The common areas of the upper decks were transformed into rooms for the wounded. The cabins of B Deck were used to house doctors. The first-class dining room and the first-class reception room on Deck D were transformed into operating rooms. The lower bridge was used to accommodate the lightly wounded. The medical equipment was installed on 12 December 1915.

  • [Image source, Wikimedia]

On 12 December 1915 HMHS Britannic was declared fit for service, and she then served until 6 June 1916 when she was released from service and returned to Belfast to be refitted once again as a passenger liner. At this point she had completed three voyages to and from the Mediterranean.

In the middle of that refit, on 26 August 1916, she was requisitioned again for service as a hospital ship. She sailed for the Mediterranean less than a month later, on 24 September 1916 and remained in service, completing a further two voyages, until she was sunk on her sixth voyage on 21 November 1916.

Details of her voyages as a hospital ship, and some descriptions of the ship as she was fitted out during her war service can be found on the Hospital Ship Britannic web site.


Also on that site, you will also find a page dedicated to the wreck of HMHS Britannic. It notes that, during the exploration of the wreck by Robert Ballard's team:

The weather cover over the glass dome of the forward Grand Staircase was found nearly intact. The dome was found broken, but there was still evidence of the white glass in some places.

The forward Grand Staircase formed part of the first class entrance to the ship. It was located aft of the first funnel in the picture above, and was designed and built as part of the structure of the ship. As such, it would not have been removed during the refit. However, much of the staircase itself was built from wood, and so it is unlikely to have survived (although some wooden structures have been found on the wreck).

We do know that the pipe-organ which was intended to form part of the Grand Staircase was, in fact never fitted. Since she was never fully fitted out for her role as a luxury passenger liner before she was requisitioned, it is therefore quite possible that much of the decorative work intended for the Grand Staircase was also never installed.


The staterooms would certainly have remained, although many of the fixtures and fittings would probably have been removed. Given the short turnaround times of each refit, and the urgency involved, its is likely that only the minimum amount of re-design work required to fit out the ship for her intended function would have been carried out.

Unfortunately, even though the wreck lies in relatively shallow water (about 120m), and is well within range of technical divers, there has been only limited exploration of the interior of the ship. The wreck has been designated as a war grave, and permission from the governments of both United Kingdom and Greece must be secured ahead of any penetration dives.


The person who is most likely to know the answer is the author Simon Mills, who 'technically' owns the wreck.

As such, he would doubtlessly be aware / involved in any [official] dives which have explored the section of the wreck where the forward first class 'Grand Staircase was known to have been located. Accordingly, he would be the best person to know whether any of the Grand Staircase is still in 'situ'.

Surprisingly, the wreck is in very good condition (its smokestacks still exist which is rare) and a lot of the visible woodwork remains in place. Also, it should be remembered that the staircase was constructed from mature oak, which is a very dense wood. Oak can resist (for longer than softer woods like pine) the attack from marine boring animals and decay from seawater. Thus, it is possible that some parts of the Grand Staircase still exist.


Mesufh

Does the wreck of HMHS Britannic still have a grand staircase or any staterooms or were they all removed prior to being converted into a hospital ship?

Does the wreck of HMHS Britannic still have a grand staircase or any staterooms or were they all removed prior to being converted into a hospital ship?

Does the wreck of HMHS Britannic still have a grand staircase or any staterooms or were they all removed prior to being converted into a hospital ship?

Does the wreck of HMHS Britannic still have a grand staircase or any staterooms or were they all removed prior to being converted into a hospital ship?


Hmhs Britannic Wreck - Hmhs Britannic Atlantic Liners / /r/colorization is a subreddit that is dedicated to sharing black and white.

Hmhs Britannic Wreck - Hmhs Britannic Atlantic Liners / /r/colorization is a subreddit that is dedicated to sharing black and white.. Rms britannic or hmhs britannic. Step aboard the hmhs britannic, the third ship in the olympic class trio, who, like her older sister the titanic, was a unique history essay written by britannic historian and wreck owner simon mills. Hmhs britannic official facebook page member of historic ships network™. Does the wreck of hmhs britannic still have a grand staircase or any staterooms or were they all removed prior to being converted into a hospital ship? She's pulled out of mothballs when her sister is found.

World war i hospital ship and sister ship to titanic. The britannic, sister ship to the titanic, sinks in the aegean sea on this day in 1916, killing 30 people. Hmhs britannic was the final vessel of the white star line's olympic class of steamships. Interestingly a lot of wrecks are like this.edmund fitz and the kursk are two that always come to mind. The olympic and titanic have been built.

Why Did The Hmhs Britannic Sink After Only 55 Minutes Despite The Improvements On The Watertight Bulkheads Hull After The Sinking Of The Rms Titanic Quora from qph.fs.quoracdn.net Important month in hmhs britannic history! Britannic is sitting in mothballs at the moment, perhaps as a floating museum to her sisters. The british government paid the white star line 㿷,000 to compensate the transformation. /r/colorization is a subreddit that is dedicated to sharing black and white. Hmhs britannic official facebook page member of historic ships network™. It was first discovered and explored by jacques. She was the sister ship of rms olympic and rms titanic, and was intended to enter service as a transatlantic passenger liner. In august 1996, the wreck of hmhs britannic was bought by renowned maritime historian, simon mills.

Can you dive to it?

Britannic bow impact by the legendary wreck of the hmhs britannic on the mediterranean floor is to be opened up to diving. /r/colorization is a subreddit that is dedicated to sharing black and white. Step aboard the hmhs britannic, the third ship in the olympic class trio, who, like her older sister the titanic, was a unique history essay written by britannic historian and wreck owner simon mills. Hmhs britannic was the final vessel of the white star line's olympic class of steamships. Hmhs britannic official facebook page member of historic ships network™. Rms britannic or hmhs britannic. World war i hospital ship and sister ship to titanic. More than 1,000 others were rescued. Some claim her original name was going to be rms gigantic and it was changed after the sinking of the titanic. The wreck of hmhs britannic is in about 400 feet (122 m) of water. Can you dive to it? Does the wreck of hmhs britannic still have a grand staircase or any staterooms or were they all removed prior to being converted into a hospital ship? The british government paid the white star line 㿷,000 to compensate the transformation.

Rms britannic or hmhs britannic. All credits to these parties.: This is the wreck of hmhs britannic, right in front of the greek island of kea. Britannic is sitting in mothballs at the moment, perhaps as a floating museum to her sisters. This project contains a version with and a version without water.

Divers Can Finally Explore The Wreck Of The Britannic Titanic S Sister Ship from www.thevintagenews.com The olympic and titanic have been built. Britannic hit a sea mine in the aegean off the coast of greek island kea in 1916 and sunk within an hour after its hull was legislation from greek government would allow divers to venture to the wreck. Interestingly a lot of wrecks are like this.edmund fitz and the kursk are two that always come to mind. The british government paid the white star line 㿷,000 to compensate the transformation. The wreck of hmhs britannic is in about 400 feet (122 m) of water. Can you dive to it? In august 1996, the wreck of hmhs britannic was bought by renowned maritime historian, simon mills. World war i hospital ship and sister ship to titanic.

Rms britannic or hmhs britannic.

Important month in hmhs britannic history! All credits to these parties.: Before the great war started, white star's publicity department began to advertise their new, gigantic liner britannic, the younger sister of the lost titanic. Britannic is sitting in mothballs at the moment, perhaps as a floating museum to her sisters. /r/colorization is a subreddit that is dedicated to sharing black and white. In 1985, the wreck of the titanic is discovered. Hmhs britannic was the final vessel of the white star line's olympic class of steamships. Interestingly a lot of wrecks are like this.edmund fitz and the kursk are two that always come to mind. She's pulled out of mothballs when her sister is found. Britannic was launched on 26 february 1914 at the harland and wolff shipyard in belfast and in august 1996, the wreck of the hmhs britannic became available for sale and was bought by mr. More than 1,000 others were rescued. In the wake of the titanic disaster on april 14, 1912, the white. In august 1996, the wreck of hmhs britannic was bought by renowned maritime historian, simon mills.

This project contains a version with and a version without water. In august 1996, the wreck of hmhs britannic was bought by renowned maritime historian, simon mills. /r/colorization is a subreddit that is dedicated to sharing black and white. World war i hospital ship and sister ship to titanic. Britannic was launched on 26 february 1914 at the harland and wolff shipyard in belfast and in august 1996, the wreck of the hmhs britannic became available for sale and was bought by mr.

Olympic Class Ocean Liner Hmhs Britannic Free Ship Paper Model Download from www.papercraftsquare.com /r/colorization is a subreddit that is dedicated to sharing black and white. Some claim her original name was going to be rms gigantic and it was changed after the sinking of the titanic. Hmhs britannic was the final vessel of the white star line's olympic class of steamships. Britannic bow impact by the legendary wreck of the hmhs britannic on the mediterranean floor is to be opened up to diving. She's pulled out of mothballs when her sister is found. The wreck lay undisturbed for a further 20 years until dr. Britannic is sitting in mothballs at the moment, perhaps as a floating museum to her sisters. This is the wreck of the sister ship of titanic:

Step aboard the hmhs britannic, the third ship in the olympic class trio, who, like her older sister the titanic, was a unique history essay written by britannic historian and wreck owner simon mills.

Before the great war started, white star's publicity department began to advertise their new, gigantic liner britannic, the younger sister of the lost titanic. Britannic bow impact by the legendary wreck of the hmhs britannic on the mediterranean floor is to be opened up to diving. More than 1,000 others were rescued. The wreck lay undisturbed for a further 20 years until dr. Does the wreck of hmhs britannic still have a grand staircase or any staterooms or were they all removed prior to being converted into a hospital ship? Here is my third and last video showing the wreck of hmhs britannic with corrected gantry davits and other minor structural modifications. The wreck of hmhs britannic is in about 400 feet (122 m) of water. The british government paid the white star line 㿷,000 to compensate the transformation. Hmhs britannic official facebook page member of historic ships network™. All credits to these parties.: The britannic sank in water shallower than the length of the ship. Sunk by a mine in 1916 killing 30. The olympic and titanic have been built.

The british government paid the white star line 㿷,000 to compensate the transformation. More than 1,000 others were rescued. The olympic and titanic have been built. Can you dive to it? It was first discovered and explored by jacques.

The wreck lay undisturbed for a further 20 years until dr. The olympic and titanic have been built. Hmhs britannic official facebook page member of historic ships network™. Titanic gold 3d coin ship wreck film leonardo de caprio james. This project contains a version with and a version without water.

The britannic, sister ship to the titanic, sinks in the aegean sea on this day in 1916, killing 30 people. Hmhs britannic official facebook page member of historic ships network™. Can you dive to it? The wreck lay undisturbed for a further 20 years until dr. In the wake of the titanic disaster on april 14, 1912, the white.

Interestingly a lot of wrecks are like this.edmund fitz and the kursk are two that always come to mind. In august 1996, the wreck of hmhs britannic was bought by renowned maritime historian, simon mills. Britannic hit a sea mine in the aegean off the coast of greek island kea in 1916 and sunk within an hour after its hull was legislation from greek government would allow divers to venture to the wreck. More than 1,000 others were rescued. This is the wreck of hmhs britannic, right in front of the greek island of kea.

Does the wreck of hmhs britannic still have a grand staircase or any staterooms or were they all removed prior to being converted into a hospital ship? She was the sister ship of rms olympic and rms titanic, and was intended to enter service as a transatlantic passenger liner. Hmhs britannic was the final vessel of the white star line's olympic class of steamships. Interestingly a lot of wrecks are like this.edmund fitz and the kursk are two that always come to mind. Sunk by a mine in 1916 killing 30.

Some claim her original name was going to be rms gigantic and it was changed after the sinking of the titanic. Can you dive to it? This is the wreck of hmhs britannic, right in front of the greek island of kea. More than 1,000 others were rescued. The olympic and titanic have been built.

Some claim her original name was going to be rms gigantic and it was changed after the sinking of the titanic. Sunk by a mine in 1916 killing 30. Hmhs britannic official facebook page member of historic ships network™. Titanic gold 3d coin ship wreck film leonardo de caprio james. /r/colorization is a subreddit that is dedicated to sharing black and white.

Source: www.thehistorypress.co.uk

In august 1996, the wreck of hmhs britannic was bought by renowned maritime historian, simon mills. It was first discovered and explored by jacques. Important month in hmhs britannic history! The wreck lay undisturbed for a further 20 years until dr. In 1985, the wreck of the titanic is discovered.

It was first discovered and explored by jacques. The britannic sank in water shallower than the length of the ship. Titanic gold 3d coin ship wreck film leonardo de caprio james. Britannic bow impact by the legendary wreck of the hmhs britannic on the mediterranean floor is to be opened up to diving. The hmhs (her majesty's hospital ship) britannic.

Step aboard the hmhs britannic, the third ship in the olympic class trio, who, like her older sister the titanic, was a unique history essay written by britannic historian and wreck owner simon mills.

It was first discovered and explored by jacques.

The olympic and titanic have been built.

Source: images.squarespace-cdn.com

In the wake of the titanic disaster on april 14, 1912, the white.

Source: static.wikia.nocookie.net

This is the wreck of hmhs britannic, right in front of the greek island of kea.

Before the great war started, white star's publicity department began to advertise their new, gigantic liner britannic, the younger sister of the lost titanic.

Source: live.staticflickr.com

Britannic was launched on 26 february 1914 at the harland and wolff shipyard in belfast and in august 1996, the wreck of the hmhs britannic became available for sale and was bought by mr.

The britannic, sister ship to the titanic, sinks in the aegean sea on this day in 1916, killing 30 people.

Interestingly a lot of wrecks are like this.edmund fitz and the kursk are two that always come to mind.

Source: img-9gag-fun.9cache.com

She's pulled out of mothballs when her sister is found.

This is the wreck of the sister ship of titanic:

Here is my third and last video showing the wreck of hmhs britannic with corrected gantry davits and other minor structural modifications.

The wreck of hmhs britannic is in about 400 feet (122 m) of water.

Source: hmhsbritannic.weebly.com

In august 1996, the wreck of hmhs britannic was bought by renowned maritime historian, simon mills.

Important month in hmhs britannic history!

The british government paid the white star line 㿷,000 to compensate the transformation.

Some claim her original name was going to be rms gigantic and it was changed after the sinking of the titanic.

Source: farm8.static.flickr.com

The wreck of hmhs britannic is in about 400 feet (122 m) of water.

Source: static.planetminecraft.com

The britannic sank in water shallower than the length of the ship.

Source: external-preview.redd.it

Hmhs britannic was the final vessel of the white star line's olympic class of steamships.

She's pulled out of mothballs when her sister is found.

All credits to these parties.:

In 1985, the wreck of the titanic is discovered.

Rms britannic or hmhs britannic.

Hmhs britannic official facebook page member of historic ships network™.


Talk:HMHS Britannic

Two theories have emerged to explain why the ship went down. Some have argued that there was a secondary explosion caused by an illegal supply of munitions being transported on the hospital ship. New dives to the wreck have found no evidence for this, however. The second theory was that the water-tight doors that were meant to divide the ship into separate compartments failed to close this theory has never been verified. It is known however that many portholes were opened earlier by hospital staff to ventilate the ship in preparation for boarding wounded upon arrival later that day. This was in violation of regulations for passage in a war zone and made the initial list irrecoverable.

Hello to the author of this article. Here is some information you may wan't to add onto your article, I am glad you mentioned the water tight doors, however, you are wrong one regard. The water tight doors did not fail to operate, but were in fact deliberatly left open when Britannic struck the German mine. You see, the boiler stockers and other personnel would keep some water tight doors open for it would make it easier for maintenance personnel to move about through compartments. When Britannic sank, who ever was down on the lower decks was negligent in closing the water tight doors manually, allowing water to pour into the main boiler rooms and spread throughout the ship. Another reason why Britannic sank quickly was do to the poor construction of her hull. Britannic was made out of steel like her sister ships, and the steel was held together by millions of rivveds(sp?). These rivveds over long periods of time begin to decay underwater and are easy to pry loose under pressure. Britannic when striking the mine must have had more of her hull peeled away due to rivveds coming out of their places exposing the interior of the ship to more water furthering the rate of which Britannic sank.

OK, so the rivets "over a long period of time" decay in a FOUR YEAR OLD ship and it falls apart ? Is that your theory ?Eregli bob (talk) 16:06, 16 May 2012 (UTC)

I'm not sure how it should be written into the article, but some information about the safety features incorporated into the Britannic's design should be included in the article. According to Titanic by Thomas E. Bonsall (1987), enhanced safety features included:

  • Reinforced bulkheads and plating from the tank top through F Deck
  • Watertight bulkheads extending as far as the Bridge Deck
  • Designed to stay afloat with any six watertight compartments flooded (vs. two in Olympic and Titanic)
  • Huge gantry lifeboat davits designed to launch six lifeboats, and also to be able to launch the lifeboats on the opposite side of the ship if necessary

The help of anyone who can figure out how to squeeze this into the article would be greatly appreciated. Schuminweb 00:26, 22 August 2005 (UTC)

Does HMHS mean His Majesty's Hospital (Steam)Ship? Morhange 02:14, 29 May 2006 (UTC)

The "S" stands for Ship. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 62.1.165.41 (talk) 15:17, 16 December 2012 (UTC)

The stated tonnage figure is 50,000, presumably derived from http://www.hospitalshipbritannic.com/history.htm. Elsewhere on that site tonnage is given at 48,158, either as planned, id., or in 1915 after its completion. [1] I changed it to the lower value, but then reverted it as the issue was unclear. The lower figure however is used by other sources as well and likely is the correct one.

The dimensions stated appear to be maximum length instead of between pependiculars, and extreme breadth instead of moulded breadth. There does not seem to be any consistency on Wikipedia ship pages as to which figures are used. Maybe eventually someone with access to Lloyd's Register and a lot of time on his or her hands can make the entries consistent.

The displacement figure of 53,000 is from http://www.hospitalshipbritannic.com/rms_engines.htm, but elsewhere on that site it is stated as almost 79,000 tons. [2] The higher figure cannot be correct. For a vessel of Britannic's dimensions to displace 79,000 tons it would have to be a floating shoebox with a block coefficient of 1. 53,000 tons however is consistent with a figure calculated from its actual dimensions and likely block coefficient (using Titanic's block coefficient of .68). Kablammo 12:17, 9 June 2006 (UTC)

The strange 79,000 tons figure is what was termed the Registered Displacement. It appears on the ship's papers, but how and why it was calculated is uncertain. It certainly is not the real displacement. It may represent the displacement when flooded sufficiently to reach a safety limit. Further research is needed here. Preceding unsigned comment added by 203.173.35.107 (talk) 11:18, 9 June 2006 (UTC)

The website linked above also confuses gross tonnage with weight in the FAQ section. [3] Gross tonnage is a measure of enclosed volume, not of weight. See tonnage. Filling up that volume with additional equipment or fixtures, or adding davits or other equipment outside the enclosed volume, will increase weight and therefore displacement, but will not increase gross tonnage. So the lower GRT figure likely is correct.

The 78,950 T figure for "Registered Displacement" is indeed strange. The formula for calculation of displacement is given on the tonnage page. Using this formula:

852.5’ waterline length x 93.5’ moulded breadth x 34.6’ draught x block coefficient of .684 divided by 35 = 53,900 tonnes.

But if one were to forget to use the block coefficient the calculation would yield a displacement of 78,800 tonnes. Put another way, to displace nearly 79,000 tonnes, Britannic would have to be perfectly rectangular in all underwater dimensions. On her actual length, breadth, and block coefficient, to achieve a loaded displacement of 79,000 tonnes, she would have to have a loaded draught of nearly 51 feet. Britannic could not have displaced 79,000 tons in fact neither the Queen Mary nor the Queen Mary 2 displace that much. Kablammo 12:17, 9 June 2006 (UTC)

For a non-naval vessel the 'tonnage' mentioned refers to the internal volume of the ship, not weight. A Registered Ton (RT) is 100 cubic feet. This is why ship owners often talk of 'shipping space' rather than weight, as for a cargo ship what matters is how much it can carry, not what it weighs. For a warship however, displacement (i.e., actual weight) is the measure used as that gives an idea of the amount of armour and guns the ship carries. The GRT (Gross Registered Ton), and other ship tonnage measures, are all derived from Lloyd's Register which required standardised forms of measurement for ship and cargo insurance purposes. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 86.112.49.22 (talk) 20:23, 3 November 2010 (UTC)

It has been debated over the sinking. Some experts say it was a torpedo, others say it was a mine. I feel that should be changed.—VonV

There has been a lot of evidence for a mine hit as recent expeditions show. --Denniss 22:22, 26 June 2006 (UTC)

I read in Robert Ballard's book that it is still unknown as to what caused it to sink. Couldn't it be ammended to say that some belive it was torpedoed. --ShortShadow 23:39, 18 March 2007 (UTC)

The Britannic was clearly marked as a hospital ship and so it is extremely unlikely that any submarine or other vessel of the Central Powers would have deliberately attacked her. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 95.149.247.9 (talk) 10:42, 9 February 2018 (UTC)

Is PBS/Ballard were smoking or what? Britannic lenght from Ballard is around 903ft . well looks like he got confused with Aquitania.

The PBS source also confuses "gross tons" with "displacement". Kablammo 11:26, 11 July 2006 (UTC)

The 903 feet overall length appears in contemporary magazines, but it is certainly wrong, as are many things in magazines. It's repeated ad nauseum on slipshod websites. Dave Gittins.16 March 2007

Should there be included a section on the theories of what caused the initial explosion. I believe I read that, but can not comfirm, a German U-boat commander claimed to have sunk the Britannic in his log book. --Martynd 00:55, 20 January 2007 (UTC)

You probably read that the U-boat captain of U-73 recorded in his log that he had been active in the area where Britannic sank (i.e. laying mines), less than an hour before the explosion. Fionnlaoch (talk) 16:11, 25 June 2008 (UTC)

I'd do this myself, but i'm not even sure if i'm postin this correctly.. i've read most of the article, and this isn't exactly like any other wikipedia page. the writing is crude, improper, and the writings don't mention a mine or a torpedo or whatever, unless you look at the the top right section. it only mentions an explosion —The preceding unsigned comment was added by 65.93.154.103 (talk) 07:33, 5 May 2007 (UTC).

As of 15 March 2009, this page still needs to be edited heavily for a number of reasons:

1) There are only eight references in the whole article - the information may well be accurate, but its reliability cannot be proven without stating sources (as a piece of academic writing it would therefore have no credibility whatsoever). In academic writing - especially with regard to articles in which the subject matter and/or content could be disputed, EVERY individual point of information should be referenced accordingly

2) The sections regarding the sinking are too narrative and often there is very little notion of context - this whole section needs to be re-written (with appropriate references to credible sources).

3) There is no explanation of the academic debate regarding the cause of the so-called 'explosion' (i.e. whether it was a torpedo, or a mine). This needs to be elaborated for purposes of clarity - it needs to be acknowledged that there is ongoing debate about what actually caused this explosion (and thus the sinking).

4) Generally speaking the narrative and language used is not coherent, nor does it adhere to the style conventions of an encyclopedic article (which are commonly used throughout other Wikipedia articles).


May I suggest that anyone wishing to edit this page refers to the Wikipedia entry on RMS Titanic for guidance on how to make the article more coherent with similar entries. I do not wish to question the credibility of any facts in the article (I am no expert on the subject matter and generally the content appears to be well-researched), but I am criticizing the manner in which it has been put together generally stylistically, and with regard to the lack of sources referenced. In academic writing - especially with regard to articles in which the subject matter and/or content could be disputed, EVERY individual point of information should be referenced accordingly. This is so that anyone reading the piece can verify the credibility of the information independently by looking at the same sources (in an academic context certain sources will always be considered less reliable than others). It is worth considering that if it is not possible to identify the source for a particular point of information, then the validity of the information is questionable in a worst-case scenario it may be assumed that such points have been made up and are thus entirely inaccurate - i.e. not based on any relevant fact of truth at all.

This article appears to be completely OR. No references are given or anything. At the very least it's a copyvio. -- Kimon talk 15:58, 18 May 2007 (UTC)

Please explain the copyright violation claim. --Denniss 17:28, 18 May 2007 (UTC)

"1,036 people were saved. Thirty men lost their lives in the disaster but only five were buried. The others were left in the water and their memory is honoured in memorials in Thessaloniki and London. Another twenty-four men were injured. Luckily, the ship had no patients. If that had been the case, probably the death toll would have been much higher, perhaps even greater than the Titanic."

If the Titanic had 1,500 some deaths, how could it ever be greater than the Titanic?? The final two sentences make no sense.

Well, the passage is speculative. The if patients were aboard, the number of people aboard would be greater than the number that was onboard Titanic. -MBK004 02:18, 24 January 2008 (UTC) Problem solved. The unsourced, speculative sentence is gone. SchuminWeb (Talk) 04:06, 24 January 2008 (UTC)

Is the timeline of the sinking of the Britannic in this page is the correct one? Aquitania (talk) 15:52, 7 September 2008 (UTC)

Seems about right, but that site shouldn't be used as a source, as it's not sufficiently reliable per WP:RS. Certainly a better source will have the information we desire. SchuminWeb (Talk) 02:59, 8 September 2008 (UTC)

In the year 2003 the Greek Government (ministry of culture), issued a Ministerial Order classifying "any wreck of ship or aeroplane, sunk for longer than 50 years from the present" as Cultural Assets / Monuments, setting also a protection zone of 300 meters around them. Terms and conditions for visiting any monument in Greece are set by the greek government (ministry of culture). —Preceding unsigned comment added by 85.72.89.195 (talk) 11:43, 14 March 2009 (UTC)

Does anyone have any information on how much was paid to purchase the wreck and whether it was a purchase or a lease? sjwk (talk) 00:31, 25 May 2009 (UTC)

Sadly, reknown British diver Carl Spencer died in a decompression-sickness-related deep-diving accident at the wreck of the Britannic [[4]], reported just today, 2009-05-25. He was diving at approximately 300-feet (120 m) depth in the Mediterranean at the wreck of (Titanic's sister ship) Britannic, a bit "larger than the Titanic and deemed equally “unsinkable”, [which] sank in 57 minutes after hitting a mine in 1916 while serving as a First World War hospital ship. The wreck was discovered by Jacques Cousteau, the French underwater explorer, in 1975 but, at a depth of about 304ft (120 metres)." N2e (talk) 15:17, 25 May 2009 (UTC)

Not bad writing, but not particularly notable as far as Britannic is concerned. Maybe for the Carl Spencer article, but not here. SchuminWeb (Talk) 02:18, 26 May 2009 (UTC)

There is no Carl Spencer article. And he was 39, not 37.65.255.147.8 (talk) 14:25, 10 June 2009 (UTC)

I've removed the purported photo of the "Britannic in her intended White Star livery before conversion to hospital ship". It's a Photoshop job. See Mgy401 1912 (talk) 03:12, 29 June 2009 (UTC)

Just because the photo is a fake does not mean it is summarily removed. The caption should be modified, but there is still encyclopedic value to having the image in the article. -MBK004 03:19, 29 June 2009 (UTC) I don't care enough to get into a major discussion over this. It just seems to me that the "postcards" section of the article already has an image depicting Britannic in her intended peacetime livery. Why not move that into the main body of the article, and dispense with the photoshopped fraud? But since, on my talk page, you've all but threatened to block me if I do anything else on this--do whatever you want. I'm out. Mgy401 1912 (talk) 03:43, 29 June 2009 (UTC) I've re-captioned the image to show that it's an artist's conception. Upon closer examination, I saw the crosses on the hull as well. SchuminWeb (Talk) 06:04, 29 June 2009 (UTC)

The Britannic was 882ft/269m long. The ship lies at about 400ft/120m deep, less than twice the length of the ship. The bow is bent because it reached the seabed before the sinking was complete (the rolling over to starboard side caused the bow to bend). Therefore, the timeline of the sinking on this page is never true (the sinking angle is too much). The sinking should be more identical to the one in the film Britannic. Aquitania (talk) 23:48, 6 December 2009 (UTC)

I'm wondering —Preceding unsigned comment added by 69.119.233.69 (talk) 22:56, 22 December 2009 (UTC)

The article also states "the funnels began collapsing" when the ship rolled over. I don't know how the only photo of the sinking at the section "Final moments" was taken, but I am certain that the photo was taken just second before the ship rolled over (the ship's propellers exposed and the waterline reached the forward funnel). Aquitania (talk) 03:59, 25 December 2009 (UTC)

In the 2006 expedition section, it says "John Chatterton's rebreather famously failed whilst he was still deep inside the wreck."

According to the History Channel TV show, this failure was on his earlier expedition.

I have a slight issue with the last voyage section. The Evacuation section makes mention of "carnage" after two lifeboats drifted into the props, but end of the Rescue section notes that only 30 men died and only 24 men out of 1036 survivors were injured. The mention of "surviving doctors and nurses" and "the horribly mutilated men" does not provide sufficient context about how many of the total number of dead and injured were in those two lifeboats, how many of the medical staff were among the dead and injured (reading literally, none of the female nurses) or how many doctors/nurses/injured were among the 150 reaching Korissia. ShipFan (talk) 08:20, 3 February 2011 (UTC)

Those coordinates in Google Earth are in the middle of an island. Will (Talk - contribs) 11:22, 6 March 2011 (UTC)

Well, isn't that a beaut. Time to do more research, it seems. SchuminWeb (Talk) 15:34, 6 March 2011 (UTC)

According to Jacques Cousteau, reported in "British Red Cross ship hit by torpedo". The Times (59868). London. 23 November 1976. col F, p. 8. , Britannic was sunk by a single torpedo. She did not strike a mine. Any opinions on changing the article? Mjroots (talk) 14:23, 30 May 2011 (UTC)

We have a large section on the different possibilities and theories as to what sank Britannic. Cousteau's dive in the seventies has been superseded by better equipped research and dives, including the 2003 one which attributed the cause to a mine. While I would have no objection to adding Cousteau's opinion that it was a torpedo to that section, with the proper contextualization, it should not be used to state definitively a cause. Benea (talk) 14:47, 30 May 2011 (UTC) Done , added the info, stating it was Cousteau's opinion. Mjroots (talk) 16:43, 30 May 2011 (UTC)

An image used in this article, File:Artists impression of the Grand Staircase of the RMS Gigantic (HMHS Britannic).gif, has been nominated for deletion at Wikimedia Commons for the following reason: Deletion requests June 2011 What should I do?
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I've tried to clarify the Gigantic rumour. So far, I've got two internet sources to show for it. One quoting the owner of the wreck and the H&W historian, the other from Mark Chirnside, who has written lengthy articles on the subject for the Titanic Historical Society. That same Mr Chirnside has also published a book - "Olympic Titanic Britannic - An illustrated History of the Olympic Class Ships" - which shows a facsimile of the H&W order book from October 2011, already showing the name Britannic. A month before its keel was laid, and about six months before Titanic sank. I've held the book in my hands and saw that facsimile, and I'll add the exact pages as soon as I actually own that book.--afromme (talk) 18:22, 1 May 2012 (UTC)

Just found this: http://titanichistoricalsociety.net/forum/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=783&sid=76d18dd6f6c9f3e8c256d3bbd54582e5 Forum thread at the Titanic Historical Society in which the three people in question - the author Mark Chirnside, the Britannic's owner Simon Mills, and H&W's historian Tom McCluskie, discuss the issue in a bit more depth and provide some proof to their arguments. Their consensus is that it was Gigantic at least 6 months before Titanic set off on its maiden voyage. --afromme (talk) 18:30, 1 May 2012 (UTC)

I think you mean it was Britannic six months before Titanic's maiden voyage.

The so-called poster of Gigantic is not a shipping poster at all. Researcher Mark Baber has shown that it is a packing slip for bedding, probably blankets. The figures in the middle are a standard blanket dimension, in inches.

Dave Gittins 15 May 2015. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 219.90.240.70 (talk) 05:13, 16 May 2015 (UTC)

"After completing five successful voyages to the Middle Eastern theatre and back to the United Kingdom transporting the sick and wounded, Britannic departed Southampton for Lemnos at 14:23 on 12 November 1916, her sixth voyage to the Mediterranean Sea. "

OK so the "Gallipoli Campaign" started with naval activities in the Dardanelles and followed by land campaign from April 1915 which ended with British and allied withdrawal in January 1916. Focus then switched to the campaign from Egypt towards Palestine and Syria. So what was Britannic actually doing heading for northern Aegean in November 1916, ten months after Gallipoli Campaign ended ? Eregli bob (talk) 16:04, 16 May 2012 (UTC)

The port of Mudros, on Lemnos, was the gathering point for casualties from all the Mediterranean theatres at the time. Benea (talk) 16:17, 16 May 2012 (UTC)

The HMHS Britannic was never armed with "four anti-torpedo guns". This would have been a violation of her status as a hospital ship. The relative sentence has been deleted. This myth was created by a scene from the movie "BRITANNIC", where the crew is trying to stop an incoming torpedo by using machine guns. She had a lowis gun on deck. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 184.101.182.34 (talk) 20:04, 9 September 2020 (UTC)

I cannot seem to find any sources that state when Britannic's lights went out. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 24.9.251.144 (talk) 04:58, 12 June 2015 (UTC)

Does anyone think it might be worth mentioning the 100th Anniversary of her sinking?--Expertseeker90 (talk) 08:47, 22 November 2016 (UTC)

Article claim 1 "As they reached the turning blades, both lifeboats, together with their occupants, were torn to pieces. Word of the carnage arrived on the bridge, and Captain Bartlett, seeing that water was entering more rapidly as Britannic was moving and that there was a risk of more victims, gave the order to stop the engines."

BBC Correction 1 (BBC2 documentary, Titanic's Tragic Twin.) The BBC claim is that Captain Bartlett spent 30 minutes swimming until being picked up and only then became aware of the propeller blade carnage.

Article claim 2 ". he and Assistant Commander Dyke walked off onto the deck and entered the water, swimming to a collapsible boat from which they continued to coordinate the rescue operations".

BBC Correction 2 The BBC state that Bartlett spent 30 minutes swimming around before being picked up. The article reads as if he swam to a collapsible boat within minutes to coordinate the rescue when in fact it was a full 30 minutes before he was picked up. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 77.92.95.78 (talk) 12:36, 6 December 2016 (UTC)

.I do not remember the first planned name? Do anyone? It was not Britannic! — Preceding unsigned comment added by 2.106.74.99 (talk) 21:28, 15 February 2017 (UTC)

1. In this article, a long time ago, there was a photo of the sinking, uploaded by me (who found it on the internet) under my old Commons username (before the automatic corresponding Commons account creation). It has since been removed. The photo is also on the French article (and other languages). Should I re-add it? I must admit that I am skeptical from the beginning about how did the photo come about (who took it and from where was it taken)?

2. The French article, from which I am translating, contains a section on the newspaper propaganda (and the question of exactly what caused the sinking). It relied on a single source: Mark Chirnside's book. I think that if the sinking and propaganda concerning it was on newspapers, there should be an image of them or the pages should be searchable online. I did not own the book myself, so I do not know on what primary sources did he rely. The question is whether to translate the section into English and add the citation accordingly. VarunSoon (talk) 08:59, 29 September 2017 (UTC)

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Britannic was transporting war munitions, like all British hospital ships. (86.147.59.246 (talk) 18:16, 15 May 2019 (UTC))

@Doniago: I saw that you removed the sentence I added to the "in popular culture" section about the novel - was this because it didn't have a source? If so, I was curious as to why the other sentence (which also lacked sourcing or an article and you tagged it as CN) was left in the article. Books fall within the realm of popular culture and are commonly included in the IPC sections. (The popular culture article for the Titanic has a section that lists books, for example.) Almost half of the novel is set on the HMHS Brittanic so it's not a small trivial mention in the book. I'd say that about 40% of the book's plot takes part on the Brittanic, less than 5% on land, and the rest takes place on the Titanic.

I was just curious as to why you removed this. I've re-added this with sourcing that specifically mentions that it's partially set on the Brittanic in case that was the issue. ReaderofthePack(formerly Tokyogirl79) (。◕‿◕。) 02:57, 31 July 2020 (UTC)

  • That makes sense - I figured it was likely that I forgot to add a source! Thanks for responding so quickly! ReaderofthePack(formerly Tokyogirl79)(。◕‿◕。)
    • You're welcome! Happy editing! DonIago (talk) 17:03, 31 July 2020 (UTC)

    Discovered today on youtube that a dive in 2019 actually found the bell from the crows nest right below the mast sitting on the bottom. Should we update the main page to include this find?

    The video in question is Britannic's Lost Bell by Richard Simon if anyone wants to give it a watch. WestRail642fan (talk) 23:19, 21 November 2020 (UTC)

    The following Wikimedia Commons file used on this page or its Wikidata item has been nominated for deletion:

    Participate in the deletion discussion at the nomination page. —Community Tech bot (talk) 04:51, 23 April 2021 (UTC)

    This article was moved, a short while ago, from HMHS Britannic to HMHS Britannic (1914). Unless I have missed it, in which case apologies, there seems to have been no discussion of this, which I find surprising. I'd have expected usually to have the opportunity to say whether I thought it was a good move or not, but that seems to have not happened. Maybe we are OK with this and it was a good move? I would just like to know what other editors think, please. Sure, all of this is ignoring the problems – presumably caused by inexperience, and therefore good to learn from – that the mover had with the process, which is quite separate from the question of whether or not it was a sensible move to make. With best wishes to all, DBaK (talk) 16:36, 18 May 2021 (UTC)

    Note: Just adding pings for Sharmakshat2021, Mjroots and Þjarkur as the mover and two people who were since involved, in case they wanted to comment. But no rush. Cheers DBaK (talk) 16:44, 18 May 2021 (UTC) Nope not discussed and the 1914 is an unnecessary dab Lyndaship (talk) 16:59, 18 May 2021 (UTC) @DisillusionedBitterAndKnackered: - I was asked to reunite the article and the talk page, which I did. No reason the article cannot be moved back to its previous title. Mjroots (talk) 17:05, 18 May 2021 (UTC) Thanks Mjroots! I see that since I started this topic, it has indeed been moved back to the undated version. Personally I prefer this – though I would always be happy to discuss – and I am grateful to those who sorted this out. Thanks, all DBaK (talk) 08:09, 19 May 2021 (UTC)


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    Seven Seas Explorer, Regent Seven Seas Cruises

    The line's ships are sleek and modern, and sail to some of the world's most interesting ports of call. A focus on the destination at hand means that Viking Ocean Cruises stay longer in port -- and. Titanic was feet 9 inches ( m) long with a maximum breadth of 92 feet 6 inches ( m). Her total height, measured from the base of the keel to the top of the bridge, was feet (32 m). She measured 46, gross register tons and with a draught of 34 feet 7 inches ( m), she displaced 52, tons.. All three of the Olympic-class ships had ten decks (excluding the top of the. WH: Biden Promised George Floyd’s Family He’d ‘Use Power Of Presidency’ To Pass Act By Summer Concepcion | April 21, p.m. What We Know About The Police Killing Of A Black Teen In.

    Of the estimated 2, passengers and crew aboard, more than 1, died, making the sinking at the time one of the deadliest of a single ship [a] and the deadliest peacetime sinking of a superliner or cruise ship to date. RMS Titanic was the largest ship afloat at the time she entered service and was the second of three Olympic -class ocean liners operated by the White Star Line.

    She was built by the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast. Thomas Andrews , chief naval architect of the shipyard at the time, died in the disaster. Titanic was under the command of Captain Edward Smith , who also went down with the ship. The ocean liner carried some of the wealthiest people in the world, as well as hundreds of emigrants from Great Britain and Ireland , Scandinavia and elsewhere throughout Europe, who were seeking a new life in the United States.

    The first-class accommodation was designed to be the pinnacle of comfort and luxury, with a gymnasium, swimming pool, libraries, high-class restaurants, and opulent cabins. A high-powered radiotelegraph transmitter was available for sending passenger "marconigrams" and for the ship's operational use. The ship carried 16 lifeboat davits which could lower three lifeboats each, for a total of 48 boats.

    However, Titanic carried only a total of 20 lifeboats , four of which were collapsible and proved hard to launch during the sinking. At the time of the sinking, the lowered lifeboats were only about half-filled.

    The collision caused the hull plates to buckle inwards along her starboard right side and opened five of her sixteen watertight compartments to the sea she could only survive four flooding. Meanwhile, passengers and some crew members were evacuated in lifeboats, many of which were launched only partially loaded. A disproportionate number of men were left aboard because of a " women and children first " protocol for loading lifeboats. Just under two hours after Titanic sank, the Cunard liner RMS Carpathia arrived and brought aboard an estimated survivors.

    The disaster was met with worldwide shock and outrage at the huge loss of life, as well as the regulatory and operational failures that led to it. Public inquiries in Britain and the United States led to major improvements in maritime safety. Several new wireless regulations were passed around the world in an effort to learn from the many missteps in wireless communications—which could have saved many more passengers.

    Thousands of artefacts have been recovered and displayed at museums around the world. Titanic has become one of the most famous ships in history, depicted in numerous works of popular culture, including books, folk songs, films, exhibits, and memorials. Titanic is the second largest ocean liner wreck in the world, only being surpassed by her sister ship HMHS Britannic however, she is the largest sunk while in service as a liner, as Britannic was in use as a hospital ship at the time of her sinking.

    The final survivor of the sinking, Millvina Dean , aged two months at the time, died in at the age of The name Titanic derives from the Titans of Greek mythology. Bruce Ismay , and the American financier J. The White Star Line faced an increasing challenge from its main rivals Cunard , which had recently launched the Lusitania and the Mauretania —the fastest passenger ships then in service—and the German lines Hamburg America and Norddeutscher Lloyd.

    Ismay preferred to compete on size rather than speed and proposed to commission a new class of liners that would be larger than anything that had gone before as well as being the last word in comfort and luxury. Teutonic was replaced by Olympic while Majestic was replaced by Titanic. The ships were constructed by the Belfast shipbuilders Harland and Wolff , who had a long-established relationship with the White Star Line dating back to Cost considerations were relatively low on the agenda and Harland and Wolff was authorised to spend what it needed on the ships, plus a five percent profit margin.

    Harland and Wolff put their leading designers to work designing the Olympic -class vessels. The design was overseen by Lord Pirrie , a director of both Harland and Wolff and the White Star Line naval architect Thomas Andrews , the managing director of Harland and Wolff's design department Edward Wilding, Andrews' deputy and responsible for calculating the ship's design, stability and trim and Alexander Carlisle , the shipyard's chief draughtsman and general manager.

    On 29 July , Harland and Wolff presented the drawings to J. Bruce Ismay and other White Star Line executives. Ismay approved the design and signed three "letters of agreement" two days later, authorising the start of construction. Titanic was based on a revised version of the same design and was given the number Titanic was feet 9 inches Her total height, measured from the base of the keel to the top of the bridge, was feet 32 m.

    All three of the Olympic -class ships had ten decks excluding the top of the officers' quarters , eight of which were for passenger use. From top to bottom, the decks were:. Titanic was equipped with three main engines—two reciprocating four- cylinder , triple-expansion steam engines and one centrally placed low-pressure Parsons turbine —each driving a propeller.

    The two reciprocating engines had a combined output of 30, horsepower 22, kW. The output of the steam turbine was 16, horsepower 12, kW. The two reciprocating engines were each 63 feet 19 m long and weighed tons, with their bedplates contributing a further tons.

    They were heated by burning coal, 6, tons of which could be carried in Titanic ' s bunkers , with a further 1, tons in Hold 3. The furnaces required over tons of coal a day to be shovelled into them by hand, requiring the services of firemen working around the clock. Exhaust steam leaving the reciprocating engines was fed into the turbine, which was situated aft. From there it passed into a surface condenser , to increase the efficiency of the turbine and so that the steam could be condensed back into water and reused.

    There were three, one for each engine the outer or wing propellers were the largest, each carrying three blades of manganese-bronze alloy with a total diameter of Titanic ' s electrical plant was capable of producing more power than an average city power station of the time. Titanic lacked a searchlight in accordance with the ban on the use of searchlights in the merchant navy.

    The interiors of the Olympic -class ships were subdivided into 16 primary compartments divided by 15 bulkheads that extended above the waterline. Eleven vertically closing watertight doors could seal off the compartments in the event of an emergency. Two masts, each ft 47 m high, supported derricks for working cargo. Titanic ' s rudder was so large—at 78 feet 8 inches Two steam-powered steering engines were installed, though only one was used at any one time, with the other one kept in reserve.

    They were connected to the short tiller through stiff springs, to isolate the steering engines from any shocks in heavy seas or during fast changes of direction. The ship was equipped with her own waterworks, capable of heating and pumping water to all parts of the vessel via a complex network of pipes and valves.

    The main water supply was taken aboard while Titanic was in port, but in an emergency, the ship could also distil fresh water from seawater, though this was not a straightforward process as the distillation plant quickly became clogged by salt deposits.

    A network of insulated ducts conveyed warm air, driven by electric fans, around the ship, and First Class cabins were fitted with additional electric heaters. Titanic 's radiotelegraph equipment then known as wireless telegraphy was leased to the White Star Line by the Marconi International Marine Communication Company , which also supplied two of its employees, Jack Phillips and Harold Bride , as operators. The service maintained a hour schedule, primarily sending and receiving passenger telegrams, but also handling navigation messages including weather reports and ice warnings.

    The radio room was located on the Boat Deck, in the officers' quarters. A soundproofed "Silent Room", next to the operating room, housed loud equipment, including the transmitter and a motor-generator used for producing alternating currents. The operators' living quarters were adjacent to the working office. The ship was equipped with a 'state of the art' 5 kilowatt rotary spark-gap transmitter , operating under the radio callsign MGY, and communication was conducted in Morse code.

    This transmitter was one of the first Marconi installations to use a rotary spark-gap, which gave Titanic a distinctive musical tone that could be readily distinguished from other signals. The transmitter was one of the most powerful in the world and guaranteed to broadcast over a radius of miles km. An elevated T-antenna that spanned the length of the ship was used for transmitting and receiving. The normal operating frequency was kHz m wavelength however, the equipment could also operate on the "short" wavelength of 1, kHz m wavelength that was employed by smaller vessels with shorter antennas.

    The passenger facilities aboard Titanic aimed to meet the highest standards of luxury. According to Titanic ' s general arrangement plans, the ship could accommodate First Class Passengers, in Second Class and 1, in Third Class, for a total passenger capacity of 2, In addition, her capacity for crew members exceeded , as most documents of her original configuration have stated that her full carrying capacity for both passengers and crew was approximately 3, Her interior design was a departure from that of other passenger liners, which had typically been decorated in the rather heavy style of a manor house or an English country house.

    Titanic was laid out in a much lighter style similar to that of contemporary high-class hotels—the Ritz Hotel was a reference point—with First Class cabins finished in the Empire style. The aim was to convey an impression that the passengers were in a floating hotel rather than a ship as one passenger recalled, on entering the ship's interior a passenger would "at once lose the feeling that we are on board ship, and seem instead to be entering the hall of some great house on shore".

    Among the more novel features available to first-class passengers was a 7 ft. For an extra cost, first-class passengers could enjoy the finest French haute cuisine in the most luxurious of surroundings. At ft. Third Class commonly referred to as Steerage accommodations aboard Titanic were not as luxurious as First or Second Class, but even so, were better than on many other ships of the time.

    They reflected the improved standards which the White Star Line had adopted for trans-Atlantic immigrant and lower-class travel. On most other North Atlantic passenger ships at the time, Third Class accommodations consisted of little more than open dormitories in the forward end of the vessels, in which hundreds of people were confined, often without adequate food or toilet facilities.

    The White Star Line had long since broken that mould. As seen aboard Titanic , all White Star Line passenger ships divided their Third Class accommodations into two sections, always at opposite ends of the vessel from one another.

    The established arrangement was that single men were quartered in the forward areas, while single women, married couples and families were quartered aft.

    In addition, while other ships provided only open berth sleeping arrangements, White Star Line vessels provided their Third Class passengers with private, small but comfortable cabins capable of accommodating two, four, six, eight and ten passengers. Third Class accommodations also included their own dining rooms, as well as public gathering areas including adequate open deck space, which aboard Titanic comprised the Poop Deck at the stern, the forward and aft well decks, and a large open space on D Deck which could be used as a social hall.

    This was supplemented by the addition of a smoking room for men and a General Room on C Deck which women could use for reading and writing. Although they were not as glamorous in design as spaces seen in upper-class accommodations, they were still far above average for the period. Leisure facilities were provided for all three classes to pass the time.

    As well as making use of the indoor amenities such as the library, smoking rooms, and gymnasium, it was also customary for passengers to socialise on the open deck, promenading or relaxing in hired deck chairs or wooden benches. A passenger list was published before the sailing to inform the public which members of the great and good were on board, and it was not uncommon for ambitious mothers to use the list to identify rich bachelors to whom they could introduce their marriageable daughters during the voyage.

    Built of solid English oak with a sweeping curve, the staircase descended through seven decks of the ship, between the Boat Deck to E deck, before terminating in a simplified single flight on F Deck.

    At the uppermost landing was a large carved wooden panel containing a clock, with figures of "Honour and Glory Crowning Time" flanking the clock face. It has been suggested that during the real event, the entire Grand Staircase was ejected upwards through the dome. Although Titanic was primarily a passenger liner, she also carried a substantial amount of cargo.

    For the storage of letters, parcels and specie bullion, coins and other valuables , 26, cubic feet m 3 of space in her holds was allocated.

    The Sea Post Office on G Deck was manned by five postal clerks three Americans and two Britons, who worked 13 hours a day, seven days a week sorting up to 60, items daily. The ship's passengers brought with them a huge amount of baggage another 19, cubic feet In addition, there was a considerable quantity of regular cargo, ranging from furniture to foodstuffs, and a Renault Type CE Coupe de Ville motor car.


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