Adrien Maurice, duc de Noailles (1678-1766)

Adrien Maurice, duc de Noailles (1678-1766)

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Adrien Maurice, duc de Noailles, (1678-1766)

French soldier who gained his reputation during the War of the Spanish Succession and the War of the Polish Succession before rising to command the French armies during the later stages of the War of the Austrian Succession. He became a member of the Royal Council in March 1743, at the same time as gaining command. On 25 May 1743 he crossed the Rhine into the Empire at the head of a 70,000 strong army, but was defeated at the battle of Dettingham (27 June), and forced back across the Rhine. In 1744 he was in favour of an active policy east of the Rhine, but the Austrians moved first, and Noailles found himself chasing the Austrian army out of Alsace and Lorraine, where he missed a chance to do great damage to the Austrian army while it was re-crossing the Rhine back into the Empire. Despite this, he came to see Britain as a more dangerous enemy of France than Austria was, and in 1745 was amongst the French ministers who saw that the Hapsburgs could not be stopped from regaining the Imperial title. 1746 saw him in a diplomatic role, attempting to repair the relationship between France and Spain, damaged by disagreements over the fighting in Italy.

File:1756 signature of Adrien Maurice de Noailles, Duke of Noailles (1678-1766) Maréchal of France.jpg

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Guerre et politique au XVIIIe siècle: Adrien Maurice de Noailles (1678-1766) - Soldat et homme d'Etat eBook

Présentation de l'éditeur :Guerre et politique. Une relation en apparence bien connue qui, à travers la vie d Adrien Maurice de Noailles, prend un tour différent, s incarne. Cet homme oublié par la mémoire collective, issu de la haute noblesse, ce maréchal-duc, ministre de Louis XV, a passé sa vie entre des cabinets politiques et des champs de bataille. Cet homme pluriel au Siècle de Lumières nous permet de mieux comprendre une partie de l organisation de nos sociétés, un des rôles de l histoire.Biographie de l'auteur :Né en 1992, François Locuratolo est passé par les classes préparatoires littéraires aux grandes écoles avant de se lancer dans la recherche en histoire moderne à la Sorbonne.


NOM DE FICHIER: Guerre et politique au XVIIIe siècle: Adrien Maurice de Noailles (1678-1766) - Soldat et homme d'Etat.pdf

AUTEUR: Locuratolo, François

Guerre et politique au XVIIIe siècle - IRHiS-Bibliothèque

Guerre et politique au xviiie siecle - adrien maurice de noailles 1678-1766 - soldat et homme d'et Chemins de la mémoire: François Locuratolo, Lucien Bély: Libros en idiomas extranjeros

La tradition juive et sa survivance à l'épreuve de la .

Le Crépuscule des chevaliers - Terres de sang et de lumière - Tome 8 Guerre et politique au XVIIIe siècle - Adrien Maurice de Noailles (1678-1766), soldat et homme dEta 10 ans Paris Dakar

Noailles is the name of a prominent French noble family, derived from the castle of Noailles in the territory of Ayen, between Brive and Turenne in Limousin, and claiming to date back to the 11th century. The family did not obtain fame until the 16th century, when its head, Antoine de Noailles (1504–1562), became admiral of France and was ambassador in England during three important years (1553–1556), maintaining a gallant but unsuccessful rivalry with the Spanish ambassador, Simon Renard. Henri de Noailles (1554–1623), son of Antoine, was a commander in the religious wars and was made comte d'Ayen by Henry IV of France in 1593. [1]

Anne de Noailles (died 1678), the grandson of the first count, played an important part in the Fronde and the early years of the reign of Louis XIV, became captain-general of the newly-won province of Roussillon, and in 1663 was made Duke of Noailles and a peer of France. [2]

The sons of the first duke raised the family to its greatest fame. The eldest son, Anne Jules de Noailles (1650–1708), was one of the chief generals of France towards the end of the reign of Louis XIV. After raising the regiment of Noailles in 1689, he commanded in Spain during the War of the Spanish Succession and was made Marshal of France in 1693. A younger son, Louis Antoine de Noailles (1651–1729), was in 1695 made archbishop of Paris and hence also Duke of Saint-Cloud and peer of France in his own right, holding these high dignities until his death he was made a cardinal in 1699. [3]

The name of Noailles continued to be prominent throughout the 18th century. Adrien Maurice (1678–1766), the third duke, served in all the most important wars of the reign of Louis XV in Italy and Germany, and became a marshal in 1734. His last command was in the War of the Austrian Succession, when he was beaten by the English at the battle of Dettingen in 1743. He married Françoise Charlotte d'Aubigné, a niece of Madame de Maintenon, and two of his sons also attained the rank of Marshal of France. [3]

The elder son of Adrien Maurice, Louis (1713–1793), who bore the title of duc d'Ayen until his father's death in 1766, when he became Duke of Noailles, served in most of the wars of the 18th century without particular distinction, but was nevertheless made a marshal in 1775. He refused to emigrate during the Revolution, but escaped the guillotine by dying in August 1793, before the Terror reached its height. On the 4th Thermidor (July 22), the aged duchesse de Noailles was executed with her daughter-in-law, the duchesse d'Ayen, and her granddaughter, the vicomtesse de Noailles. [3] His younger brother, Philippe (1715–1794), comte de Noailles, afterwards Duke of Mouchy, was a more distinguished soldier than his brother. [3]

Jean Paul François (1739–1824), the fifth duke, was in the army, but his tastes were scientific, and for his eminence as a chemist he was elected a member of the Academy of Sciences in 1777. He became Duke of Ayen in 1766 on his grandfather's death, and Duke of Noailles on his father's in 1793. Having emigrated in 1792, he lived in Switzerland until the Restoration in 1814, when he took his seat as a peer of France. [3]

He had no son, and was succeeded as Duke of Noailles by his grand-nephew, Paul (1802–1885), who won some reputation as an author and who became a member of the French Academy in the place of Chateaubriand in 1849. The grandfather of Paul de Noailles, and brother of the fifth duke, Emmanuel Marie Louis (1743–1822), marquis de Noailles, was ambassador at Amsterdam from 1770–1776, at London from 1776–1783, and at Vienna from 1783–1792. [3]


  • Françoise Adelaide de NOAILLES 1704-
  • Amable Gabrielle de NOAILLES 1706-1771
  • Marie-Louise de NOAILLES 1710-1782
  • Louis, 4° duc de NOAILLES, duc de Noailles 1713-1794
  • Philippe de NOAILLES, voir Guillotinés 1715-1794
  • Marie-Anne de NOAILLES, dame de Roeux 1719-1793


  • Marie Christine de NOAILLES 1672-1748
  • Louis Marie de NOAILLES 1675-
  • Louis Paul de NOAILLES 1676-
  • Marie Charlotte de NOAILLES 1677-1723
  • Adrien-Maurice de NOAILLES, duc de Noailles 1678-1766
  • Anne Louise de NOAILLES 1679-
  • Jean Anne de NOAILLES 1681-
  • Julie Françoise de NOAILLES 1682-
  • Lucie Félicité de NOAILLES 1683-1745
  • Marie-Thérèse de NOAILLES 1684-1784
  • Emmanuel Jules de NOAILLES 1686-1702
  • Marie Françoise de NOAILLES †1687
  • Marie Victoire Sophie de NOAILLES 1688-1766
  • Marie Emilie de NOAILLES 1689-1723
  • Jules Adrien de NOAILLES 1690-1710
  • Marie Uranie de NOAILLES 1691-
  • Jean Emmanuel de NOAILLES 1693-1725
  • Anne-Louise de NOAILLES 1695-1773

AYEN, Adrien Maurice, comte d', 3e duc de Noailles (1678-1766)

Ci-dessous un extrait traitant le sujet : AYEN, Adrien Maurice, comte d', 3e duc de Noailles (1678-1766)Président du Conseil des finances (1715-1718), il devient maréchal de France en 1734. Ce document contient 36 mots soit 0 pages. Pour le télécharger en entier, envoyez-nous un de vos documents grâce à notre système d’échange gratuit de ressources numériques ou achetez-le pour la modique somme d’un euro symbolique. Cette aide totalement rédigée en format pdf sera utile aux lycéens ou étudiants ayant un devoir à réaliser ou une leçon à approfondir en Histoire-géographie.

Homme de guerre et homme politique français. Il fit ses premières armes en Catalogne et, grâce à son mariage avec une nièce de Mme de Maintenon, connut une ascension rapide. Il se distingua pendant la guerre de la Succession d'Espagne, commanda en Catalogne (1705/12), prit Gérone (1712) et reçut le rang du Grand d'Espagne de Philippe V. Il aida le Régent à casser le testament de Louis XIV, devint président du conseil des Finances (1715/18) et prit quelques mesures utiles : suppression de charges révision de la dette création d'un tribunal extraordinaire contre les traitants, mais son opposition aux projets de Law le fit écarter. Il reprit du service en 1733, gagna le bâton de maréchal au siège de Philippsburg (1734), mais fut battu à Dettingen (1743) et abandonna la carrière militaire. Ministre des Affaires étrangères (1744/45), il conclut l'alliance prussienne, puis fut ambassadeur en Espagne.

Hijo de Anne Jules de Noailles, 2º duque de Noailles, heredó el título de duque de Noailles tras la muerte de su padre en 1708.

En 1698, como conde de Ayen, se casó con Francisca Carlota de Aubigné, sobrina y beneficiaria del marquesa de Maintenon. Con ella tuvo 4 hijas y dos hijos:

Guerras de Sucesión Editar

Luchó en la Guerra de Sucesión Española entre 1710 y 1713, comandando la invasión francesa del norte de Cataluña el año 1711 que finalizó con el Asedio de Gerona.

Posteriormente fue Presidente del Consejo de Finanzas de Francia entre 1715 y 1718. Se distinguió en la Guerra de Sucesión Polaca (1733 - 1738) y fue nombrado Mariscal de Francia en 1734, convirtiéndose en decano de los mariscales en 1748.

Sirvió en la Guerra de Sucesión Austríaca y se le nombró comandante de las fuerzas francesas en marzo de 1743. En junio de 1743 fue derrotado en la Batalla de Dettingen, pero resurgió al expulsar a las tropas austriacas de Alsacia al año siguiente, aunque perdió la oportunidad de aplastar definitivamente al ejército austriaco mientras cruzaba el Rin.

Fue Ministro de Exteriores desde abril de 1744 hasta el año siguiente [ 1 ] ​ y consideraba a Gran Bretaña como el enemigo más grande de Francia, por encima de la misma Austria. Posteriormente actuó con gran capacidad diplomática y tuvo una influencia sustancial sobre el curso de la política exterior francesa.

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