Marija SP-413 - History

Marija SP-413 - History

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A former name retained.

(SP-413: t. 14; 1. 46'; b. IV; dr. 3'; s. 8.5 k.;
cpl. 9; a. 1 I-pdr., 1 mg.)

Marija, a converted motorboat, was built by Edgar Young, Wilmington, 2N.C.; acquired by the Navy from R. 11. McClanny 2:5) July 1917; and commissioned 27 July 1917, Lt. James P. Muloey in command.

Attached to the 6th Naval District, Marija operated on section patrol in and around Charleston, S.C., during World War I and until decommissioning 14 March 1922. The motorboat was sold to Whaley Whipple of Washington, D.C., 6 June 1922.

Marija Dalbello studies the phenomena of migration and marginalized populations and historical cultures of literacy. Her recent publications focus on immigrant literacy, the reading of immigrants by the state, and Ellis Island as a post-memory site. The modalities of text and image are the key material agents within those processes and sites. Her other research includes remediation in digital archives, digital libraries as a medium of culture, and document cultures from the late 1990s together with the emergence of digital humanities—the phenomena linked to digital convergence of the past thirty years. Her essays and articles appeared in scholarly edited collections and journals including The Library Quarterly, Journal of Documentation, Library and Information Science Research, and Book History. She co-edited Visible Writings: Cultures, Forms, Readings (2011) with Mary Shaw, A History of Modern Librarianship: Constructing the Heritage of Western Cultures (2015) with Wayne Wiegand and Pamela Spence Richards and Reading Home Cultures Through Books with Kirsti Salmi-Niklander (forthcoming). She also co-edited special issues of journals including Information Research on "Archaeology and Information Research" (2019) and "Print Culture in Croatia: The Canon and the Borderlands" for Vjesnik bibliotekara Hrvatske (2006). She is currently editing, Reading Home Cultures Through Books with Kirsti Salmi-Niklander (forthcoming from Routledge, 2021) and Global Voices from the Woman's Building Library: A Casebook in Close and Distant Reading with Sarah Wadsworth. She is a highly commended Winner of 2012 Emerald Literati Award for the article,“A Genealogy of Digital Humanities” published in The Journal of Documentation. She co-directed the Rutgers Seminar in the History of the Book (2006-2012). She chairs the board of directors of the Society for the History of Authorship, Reading, and Publishing (SHARP).

Isto Huvila, Marija Dalbello, Costis Dallas, Ixchel M. Faniel, and Michael Olsson, eds. “Archaeology and Information Research,” a special issue of Information Research 24 (2: 2019).

Dalbello, Marija. “Reading Immigrants: Immigration as Site and Process of Reading and Writing.” In Reading and Writing from Below: Exploring the Margins of Modernity, ed. Ann-Catrine Edlund, T. G. Ashplant & Anna Kuismin, pp. 169-196. Umeå: Umeå University & The Royal Skyttean Society, 2016.

Pamela S. Richards, Wayne A. Wiegand, and Marija Dalbello, eds. A History of Modern Librarianship: Constructing the Heritage of Western Cultures. Libraries Unlimited/ABC-Clio, 2015. 248 p.

Dalbello, Marija and Mary Shaw, eds. Visible Writings: Cultures, Forms, Readings. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2011. 354 p.

Dalbello, Marija. “A Genealogy of Digital Humanities." The Journal of Documentation 67 (3:2011): 480-506.

Moonshine Over Winona: Family History In Court Records

The following post is by our Assistant Archivist resident, Emily Riippa.

Most families have their legends about black sheep, relatives whom the older generation spoke about in lowered tones or with the admonition that little pitchers have big ears. Sometimes, the subjects of these stories simply marched to the beat of their own drums other times, they fought the law, and the law won. While Houghton County was never a Deadwood or a Tombstone, its mining communities had their share of residents who ran afoul of Lady Justice. The details of their brushes with the law from about 1900 through the early 1970s are part of the Houghton County Circuit Court Records here at the Michigan Technological University Archives and Copper Country Historical Collections. The records–which also include civil suits and divorces–are a hidden gem for genealogists.

Often weighed down with legalese, case documents can at first be daunting for even practiced researchers. With a little patience, however, the circuit court files add new dimensions to ancestors who might otherwise have been understood through sparse details provided by census records or death certificates. Perhaps you’ll discover a wife you never knew your great-uncle had or a criminal past no one had ever discussed. On other hand, maybe that black sheep has been talked about for years, and the stories of their misdeeds seem to be growing more colorful with every retelling. The sworn testimony of witnesses and first-hand sources collected by the Houghton County Circuit Court put family legends to the test, dispelling myths and sometimes uncovering truths even more interesting than fiction.

I had the opportunity to use these documents for just such a project of my own, and I hope that walking through my example will inspire and guide others researching their family history. Great-Grandmother Marija Riippa was an immigrant from Finland, the widow of a disabled miner, the mother of ten, and a petite woman who never reached five feet in height. She was also, my family said, an inveterate moonshiner whose profits eventually took her from impoverished to financially comfortable. Who said Prohibition wasn’t a success? Although my dad had known Marija well in his childhood, I sometimes wondered whether all of these larger-than-life stories could be true. The Circuit Court files offered the perfect arbiter between family legend and legal truth.

I began, as anyone wanting to look for their relatives in these documents should begin, by searching for my great-grandmother’s name in the index to parties involved in the various cases. Archives staff happily conduct this search on behalf of all patrons. Be prepared to think creatively when starting your research: courts often managed the spelling of names or substituted English equivalents of foreign names. Marija, for example, was normally listed as “Mary,” and her surname was usually spelled “Rippa” or “Riipa.” My search yielded five criminal cases–as indicated by the State of Michigan serving as plaintiff–and, interestingly, one civil suit filed by Marija against the Houghton County Road Commission. While the database gives hints as to whether a case was related to a divorce, criminal charge, or civil matter, it does not list dates, charges, or outcomes. The next step was to pull the case files.

This is a typical entry in the Houghton County Circuit Court database. The letter at the far left indicates the ledger in which the case summary appears. The number designates the case, allowing staff to locate the actual files. The name in the third column is the defendant, and the final column provides the name of the plaintiff.

What you’ll find in a case file depends on the nature of the suit and how far it was carried out before reaching some sort of resolution, like a settlement, conviction, or finalization of a divorce. Summons, complaints, and injunctions describe why the case was brought to court witness lists give a sense of who an accused person knew and how widespread the knowledge of their alleged crime had been. If the case went to trial, transcripts of the proceedings provide the most vivid, detailed descriptions of what took place to bring the case to court and inside the courtroom.

Marija, I discovered in looking through the documents, was charged at least three times “violation of the prohibitory liquor law” between 1922 and 1928. The first indictment also involved her husband, Joel, a miner who was no longer able to work. With Prohibition in full force, the couple apparently seized on a new business opportunity to put food on the table. Perhaps swayed by Joel’s disability and the small children at home, the court dropped the charges. After Joel died in 1923, Marija persisted in their business. The state brought charges against her again, but this second case went no further than the first. Finally, any mercy the court had offered wore thin. In July 1928, the sheriff and one of his deputies arrived at Marija’s house in Winona. Finding her not at home, they presented her daughter Julia with a warrant, confiscated the supply of liquor, and eventually arrested the moonshiner herself. When Marija stood trial and the prosecutor questioned the sheriff about the raid, he responded that he had taken seventy-five bottles of alcohol from her house. The court reporter captured Marija’s indignant outburst from the defense table, where she was representing herself: “There were only forty-two bottles!”

Sample court transcript. This snippet is from Marija Riippa’s 1928 trial, with the prosecutor (Q) questioning Sheriff John T. Rowe (A) about his search of her Winona house and Marija (Respondent) taking umbrage to the sheriff’s testimony.

So, what family history insights can I take away from these files? First of all, the family legends were, amazingly, true. Great-Grandmother Marija was a moonshiner, and she had done well for herself: two witnesses testified that she was charging .25 per glass of whiskey and a dollar for a pint. Documents in the civil suit told me that she had sued the Houghton County Road Commission in 1927 after one of their trucks collided with her touring car–another detail from the stories that proved accurate and testified to her success. In addition to confirming family lore, the court files showed me more about Marija as a person: she was a tenacious woman who kept going in spite of what life sent her way she was enterprising, and the number of people testifying that they had purchased from her shows that she knew how to develop a customer base and she was proud and not about to let the sheriff err in describing her moonshining, even if she incriminated herself in the process.

Die Finanzierung mittelständischer Unternehmen über Formen der monetären Mitarbeiterbeteiligung

  • ISBN print: 978-3-8487-5736-7
  • ISBN online: 978-3-8452-9866-5
  • Nomos, Baden-Baden


Small and medium-sized companies often face only limited access to capital markets. This structural disadvantage in corporate financing leads to them engaging in a permanent search for alternative sources of financing. This book examines the conditions that must be met in order for employees’ financial participation schemes to represent such an alternative and to contribute to greater diversification of the financing strategies of small and medium-sized enterprises. For this purpose, this study develops a building block model, which, if applied consistently, combines the financial advantages of employees’ financial participation with the subsidies of state development institutions. The aim of this book is to give new impetus to the discussion on the further spread of employees’ financial participation in Germany from an entrepreneurial perspective.


Mittelständische Unternehmen sehen sich häufig einem lediglich eingeschränkten Kapitalmarktzugang gegenüber. Dieser strukturelle Nachteil in der Unternehmensfinanzierung führt bei ihnen zu einer permanenten Suche nach alternativen Finanzierungsquellen. Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht, welche Bedingungen vorliegen müssen, damit Systeme der finanziellen Mitarbeiterbeteiligung eine derartige Alternative darstellen und zu einer stärkeren Diversifizierung der Finanzierungsstrategie mittelständischer Unternehmen beitragen können. Hierzu wird ein Bausteinmodell entwickelt, das bei seiner konsequenten Anwendung die finanzwirtschaftlichen Vorteile einer finanziellen Mitarbeiterbeteiligung mit den Fördermitteln staatlicher Förderinstitute verbindet. Die Arbeit zielt darauf ab, der Diskussion zu einer weiteren Verbreitung der Mitarbeiterbeteiligung in Deutschland neue Impulse aus Unternehmersicht zu geben.

Isolating Salmonella

Long before the bacillus responsible for the disease was discovered in 1880, Karl Liebermeister had already assumed that the condition was due to a microorganism. He also tried, with his colleagues, to demonstrate that the spread of epidemic was related to drinking water contaminated by the excrement of patients with typhoid fever [1]. William Budd, a doctor in Bristol who was interested in cholera and in intestinal fevers, demonstrated in 1873, that typhoid fever could be transmitted by a specific toxin present in excrement and that the contamination of water by the feces of patients was responsible for that propagation. According to Budd, every case was related to another anterior case. A great number of doctors and scientists had tried to discover the nature of the microorganism responsible for the disease and had encountered great difficulty in isolating the bacillus. It was Karl Joseph Eberth, doctor and student of Rudolf Virchow, who in 1879 discovered the bacillus in the abdominal lymph nodes and the spleen. He had published his observations in 1880 and 1881. His discovery was then verified and confirmed by German and English bacteriologists, including Robert Koch [2]. The genus “Salmonella” was named after Daniel Elmer Salmon, an American veterinary pathologist, who was the administrator of the USDA research program, and thus the organism was named after him, despite the fact that a variety of scientists had contributed to the quest [3]. Salmonella thus became new scientific knowledge and therefore the contagion mechanisms, as well as the existence of healthy carriers were relatively in status nascendi [4].

Marija Lazic’s Boyfriend

Marija Lazic is single. She is not dating anyone currently. Marija had at least 1 relationship in the past. Marija Lazic has not been previously engaged. She married Vuk Živkovi? in a destination wedding in the Maldives in December of 2016. According to our records, she has no children.

Like many celebrities and famous people, Marija keeps her personal and love life private. Check back often as we will continue to update this page with new relationship details. Let’s take a look at Marija Lazic past relationships, ex-boyfriends and previous hookups.

Marija Lazic’s birth sign is Leo. Leos love being coddled and having their egos stroked. Leos are attracted to someone who's just as vibrant and unique as they are. The most compatible signs with Leo are generally considered to be Aries, Gemini, Libra, and Sagittarius. The least compatible signs with Leo are generally considered to be Taurus and Scorpio. Marija Lazic also has a ruling planet of Sun.

US oil, gas rigs fall by one on the week to 413, as Permian at highest level since May

Houston — The US oil and gas rig count decreased by one on the week to 413, rig data provider Enverus said Dec. 24, while Permian Basin rigs reached a level not seen in seven months.

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The decrease was from gas-directed rigs, which fell by one to 113 while oil rigs remained at 300 for a second straight week. The oil rig count has not been above 300 since late April 2020.

"Typically, the industry experiences weather impact and seasonality around the holidays, but this year the rig count has continued to increase" with the exception of the current week, Evercore ISI analyst James West said in a Dec. 24 investor note.

Since the first week in November, the rig count has risen 15% from 359.

Additional coverage

The Permian Basin of West Texas/New Mexico was the week's clear winner in rig gains, up by three rigs to 184, its highest level since May 2020.

Since its late-August 2020 trough of 127, the Permian rig count has added 57 rigs and climbed 45%.

But the quieter SCOOP-STACK play in Oklahoma also rose by three rigs on the week to 16, the highest it has been since April 2020.

Other basins mostly either shed rigs or were stable week on week. However, the Marcellus Shale sited largely in Pennsylvania and surrounding states, gained one rig, for a total 31.

Bakken, DJ, Eagle Ford lose rigs

But the Bakken Shale mostly in North Dakota and the DJ Basin in Colorado, lost one rig apiece, for totals of 12 and eight respectively. The Eagle Ford Shale of South Texas lost two rigs, leaving 30.

Basins that posted no weekly change were the Haynesville Shale of East Texas/Northwest Louisiana, at 46 rigs, and the Utica Shale mostly in Ohio, at six.

This year, the oil an gas rig count dropped off steeply starting in March 2020 owing to the pandemic that also caused a sharp falloff in oil prices. The rig count plummeted nearly 70% by early July, reaching a trough of 279 before it began to turn up.

Since then, rigs have since recovered steadily as operators, many of which had decreased activity and voluntarily curtailed production for two or three months at midyear, sought to 2020 hold their production at least flat or with a slight increase and position themselves for renewed activity in 2021.

"The rig count recovery continues to exceed our expectations," said West. "There is visibility for the rig count to continue to grow through first quarter [2021], especially if WTI is in the $50s" per barrel.

WTI has been in the $48/b range during the last couple of days, but has generally been in the $40/b or greater range since late June.

This week, commodity prices rose both for oil and gas.

Weekly average prices rise

WTI averaged $48.02/b for the week, up 86 cents, while WTI Midland averaged $48.93/b, up 73 cents, and Bakken Composite, $44.75/b, up 80 cents.

Natural gas prices also rose. At Henry Hub they averaged $2.70/MMBtu, up 11 cents, and at Dominion South, $2.18/MMBtu, up 18 cents.

While upstream operators have remained disciplined despite rising prices, it remains to be seen if oil executives who are currently planning next year's capital budgets will slightly kick up the level or remain committed to relatively flat activity at levels below $50/b.

"We have seen consistent outperformance in the oil rig count since the beginning of Q4,", when it rose from 228 the first week of October to the present level of 300, or more than 30%, analyst Jacob Lundberg of Credit Suisse said in a Dec. 23 investor note.

Since the oil rig count bottom of 191 in early July, it has risen well over 50%.

"We do not see a meaningful reversion in the trend of oil rig outperformance," Lundberg said.

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Marija Jevtic

Research Interests: Science, technology, and society colonialism and science political influence management of technology history of psychology psychological manipulation through science and technology.

Marija Jevtic is an AM-AB degree graduate of Harvard University, studying Psychology, Government and History of Science. Throughout this past year, Marija has worked as a research assistant for the Behavioral Insights Group at the Harvard Business School, focusing on differences in people’s reactions to algorithmic and human advice. She has also worked as a summer associate for Ernst & Young in Serbia, and as an accounting intern for Empire State Realty Trust. Marija serves as the Director-General for Harvard Model United Nations, and a Peer Advising Fellow for the incoming freshman class at Harvard College. She was born in Serbia, but has also lived in Denmark, Italy and the United States (New York City). In her spare time, she enjoys writing, playing volleyball, and taking long walks.

BA., Psychology, Harvard University
AM., History of Science, Harvard University

Marija Karan was born on the 29th of April in 1982 (Millennials Generation). The first generation to reach adulthood in the new millennium, Millennials are the young technology gurus who thrive on new innovations, startups, and working out of coffee shops. They were the kids of the 1990s who were born roughly between 1980 and 2000. These 20-somethings to early 30-year-olds have redefined the workplace. Time magazine called them “The Me Me Me Generation” because they want it all. They are known as confident, entitled, and depressed.

Marija’s life path number is 8.

Marija Karan is popular for being a TV Actress. Perhaps most well known for her roles in the Serbian television shows Ljubav, Navika, Panika, Larin Izbor, and Nepobedivo Srce, she is also notable for her work in the 2004 feature film When I Grow Up, I’ll Be a Kangaroo. She and Branka Katic are both screen actresses from Serbia. The education details are not available at this time. Please check back soon for updates.

Marija Karan is turning 40 in

Marija was born in the 1980s. The 1980s was the decade of big hair, big phones, pastel suits, Cabbage Patch Kids, Rubik’s cubes, Yuppies, Air Jordans, shoulder pads and Pac Man. During the Eighties, Berlin Wall crumbled, new computer technologies emerged and blockbuster movies and MTV reshaped pop culture.

The 39-year-old American was born in the Year of the Dog and is part of Millennials Generation

According to Chinese Zodiac, Marija was born in the Year of the Dog. People born in the Year of the Dog are loyal and can keep a secret. They are not afraid of the hardships in life, but they also tend to worry too much sometimes.

Curran-Jones / Curran-O'Brien Funeral Homes

Of the many decisions you make when planning a funeral, the first and most important is your selection of a funeral home. As caring neighbors to our area for over three generations, the Curran and O'Brien Families hope you will consider us as both a close adviser and a friend when you need us most. We are into our fourth generation as a part of the West Springfield and Agawam Communities, and as we start in South Hadley, we understand what a special place it is to be a part of.

Over the years, our respect for family tradition, our concern for personalized service, and our attention to detail has set the standard for quality service throughout this area. Our family and staff have three generations of funeral experience so no matter what your request, our experience assures you we will be able to fulfill your needs.

Curran-Jones and Curran-O'Brien takes great pride in our community and we are constantly evolving to serve the families of our community. We also take pride in our facilities and endeavor to offer the most immaculate, modern, and conveniently located funeral home facilities.

Watch the video: Prophet Stories In Urdu. Prophet Muhammad SAW. Part 4. Quran Stories In Urdu. Urdu Cartoons


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