Was the Dargah Shrine at Ajmer built over a Hindu temple?

Was the Dargah Shrine at Ajmer built over a Hindu temple?


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This article points that the popular Ajmer Sufi Shrine (Dargah) of Khwaja Chisti in India was built on a demolished Hindu Temple (Varaha Temple). What are the historical sources for such a claim?

The link claims to have evidence from books Gulshan-i-Ibrahimi by Ferishta and the book Prithviraj Raso by Chand Bardai.

Also I found some books on ancient history by ferishta here, but it is hard to understand and get the above information.

Also are there any archaeological studies for the these incidents?


Romila Thapar in "Early India" (pp 48) does say that a Hindu Temple was converted to a Muslim Mosque at Ajmer. But her context is that Religious exchange and interchange cannot be simply explained either by tolerance or bigotry. She also refers to Buddhist "chaityas" being converted to Hindu temples. Note however, there is no direct reference to the Chisti Shrine, although it is quite likely the one.
What does derive, though is that there must be references elsewhere to at least some shrine being a converted Hindu temple.


Ajmer – The Sacred and Historic City Of Faith, Prayers, Dargah Sharif and Pushkar Base

Ajmer is situated amidst the Aravali mountains and it is the fifth largest city of Rajasthan. The city is best known for the shrine of Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti who was the first Sufi saint of India. The base office for Pushkar, a famous Hindu pilgrimage center, is also here in Ajmer. Hence, most of the tourists who travel to Ajmer seek to offer their prayers at the Moinuddin Chisti Dargah for blessings. Known as Dargah Sharif, the site is revered amongst both Hindus and Muslims. Moinuddin Chisti was an immigrant from Persia. His devotion to the poor found him many followers and hence the place became a renowned shrine after him. Since a nu mber of visitors arrive in Ajmer from time to time, it is best to book your stay in advance as the hotels in Ajmer get full during peak seasons of pilgrimage, such as during the period of Urs.

Here are some other popular attractions in and around Ajmer that you can visit during your trip:

  • Ana Sagar Lake – It is named after Anaji Chauhan. He was the grandfather of the legendary ruler Prithviraj Chauhan. Spread over 13 km, this place is now a picnic site for the visitors and offers a serene view of the landscape.
  • Pushkar Lake – This lake is considered among the holiest lakes in India and it is said that the water of this place can cure many diseases. It has 52 bathing ghats and folklore has it that this lake was created by Lord Brahma himself. It is a major Hindu pilgrimage site. The mention of Pushkar Lake can be found inscribed in the coins of 4th century. It implies the significance of the place in Hindu mythology.
  • Taragarh – It is another site of popular tourist visits. It is a fort on Nag Pahari Hill. It is considered as the first hill fort of Asia and also known as the Ajmer Fort. It takes about 2 hours to climb to this fort.
  • Akbar Mahal – This is the citadel of Akbar which was built in 1570. It is considered one of the strongest forts of historic India.
  • Nasiyan Temple – Dedicated to Lord Adinath, this red temple was built in 1865. It is a beautiful temple and worth a visit. It also has a museum that has an interior made of gold. It is also known as Swarna Mandir.
  • Archeological Museum of Ajmer – It was built in 1949. It displays materials excavated from past civilizations as well as some ancient sculptures. Some artefacts such as the Yupa Pillars date back to 8th century. It is an interesting place for some historical insights.

Ajmer can be reached by road route easily as it is situated on National Highway 8 on the Golden Quadrilateral. It is just 130 km from Jaipur International Airport. Regular buses ply from Delhi and Jaipur. Once you explore the place, the next destination worth a visit from here is Udaipur. You can reach fro m Ajmer to Udaipur via road in just 5-6 hours as the distance is about 300 km.

Dimpy Roy is a travel writer working with an Online Travel Guide. She guides travelers about how to travel from Ajmer to Udaipur in best possible way.


10 Interesting Facts About Dargah Ajmer Sharif, Rajasthan

Ajmer is an amazing ancient pilgrimage located in Rajasthan, India. It is one of the holiest shrines for the Indian Muslims and found to have a lot of interesting facts inside it. Although it is a traditional Muslim pilgrimage, it grabs huge mass regardless of caste and culture. During the 7 th century, king Raja Ajay Pal Chauhan founded this city. Mughals were more popular among various dynasties during the period. Ajmer city is well known for the tomb.

Despite there are tons of ancient forts available out, Ajmer is the home of the strongest forts in India, which is why many Muslim kingdoms were decided to conquer the city. It boasts a huge number of ancient forts, monuments and traditional temples around the city. There is a huge number of tourist attractions in Ajmer, especially, Dargah of Garib Nawaz. Moreover, the city boasts popular tourist destinations such as Adhani din Ka jhonpara, Taragarh Fort, Ana Sagar Lake, Nasiyan, Mayo college etc. while spiritual and religious tales of the place abound, here you can find out some interesting facts about Ajmer Sharif Dargah.

1. First Visit in 1332

Ajmer Sharif is also coined as Dargah Sharif, which is the most ancient and traditional shines in our country. Geographically situated in the heart of Ajmer, it is drawn by both Hindus and Muslims.

The Dargah Sharif of Hazrat Khwaja was first visited by the great sultan lord Muhammad Bin Tugluq in the year 1332. This king is well known as “man of Ideas”. He is one of the most striking sultans of Medival India.

2. Jahalra – Source of Water

The Ajmer Shariff encompasses Jahalra, which was found to be the Main source of water for agricultural and irrigational purposes during the period of Hazrat Khawaja Moinuddin Chishty. However, water from Jahalra is being used for some important rituals across the city.

3. Namaz

Being an ancient Muslims pilgrimage, they didn’t stop doing namaz and traditional rituals. Every day, devotional singers contribute their part to Allah by singing devotional songs about Allah inside the Ajmer Sharif’s hall.

4. Deghs

Since it is one of the ancient temples, it is no wonder that the shrine is filled with traditional monuments such as deghs, pots, etc.. The temple follows strict rituals and donations. They will use deghs for cooking Niaz, which is a delicious meal made of a mixture of ghee, sugar, rice, saffron, dry fruits etc.. This tasty meal is usually cooked at night and will be distributed to the people once morning prayer is done. The degh is just about 10 feet and King Akbar presented this big Degh to Dargah. There is also a smaller degh available, which was presented to Dargah by Emperor Jahangir.

5. Quranic verses

The entire shrine is nourished with the 33 inscribed Quranic verses, which empathizes Allah and his 99 sacred names. The Quranic verses are the best example of artistic powers and a valuable sight for spiritually inclined pilgrims.

6. Dargah Rituals

Unlike other mosque, dargah Rituals are quite different here. During the evening prayers, locals will place the candles inside lamps and then they recite Persian verses in the background. After finishing the recital, lamps are placed in the corner of the tomb. This way, the rituals happens every day. This amazing Dargah Ritual is called as “Roshnee” or lighting ceremony.

7. Water career

It is believed that there is the water carrier called Nizam Sikka, which saved the life of Mughal Emperor Humayun’s life once. As a result, this honorable Mughal king awarded the right to rule the entire Mughal Empire for one day.

8. Jannati Darwaza

If you head to the west of Ajmer, you can see the Jannati Darwaza, which is a gorgeous gate made of silver metal. The most interesting fact is that the door will be opened four times a year. We can see it during the 6 days annual festival, which is hosted to commemorate a Sufi saint.

9. 6-Days Annual Festival

To commemorate the death anniversary of Moinuddin Chishti, who was a popular Sufi saint, Ajmer promotes the grand Annual festival, which will be celebrated continually for 6 days. There is a hidden story behind this grand festival. It says that Moinuddin Chisthi was locked himself in a dark room and prayed for 6 days during his 114 th age. After that, he left his mortal body. This is the reason why the city hosts 6 days Annual festival.

10. Akbar Mosque

The Dargah Sharif encompasses Akbar Mosque, which was built by the great emperor during the period. One of the interesting things is that this Mosque was founded as a token of his love, gratitude, and skill, which will remain in the thousands of hearts in the future. After the birth of his son, Jahangir, it was established. Over the time, the purpose of this Mosque has changed as now it is considered as the Quranic Educational Institution, which offers spiritual and religious related education to each and every people regardless of caste and culture.

There are a lot of places to visit the Ajmer as it is home to all the ancient monuments, scripts, traditional sculptures etc. But, a journey to the Ajmer is nothing without a visit to this traditional Dargah Sharif. The fort is easily accessible and can be reached by any kind of transportation. Further, you can reach it through airway as the nearest Airport is 130 km away from the fort and it connects the city to Jaipur, Jodhpur, Ahmadabad, Delhi, Agra, Mumbai etc. Being a busy city, it has all the way to connect to the road. More and more tourists are attracted to the city just because of the grace and bliss that the Dargah Sharif has. Not just the temple and monuments, you can enjoy tons of magical things you deserve.

There are a lot of interesting facts about Dargah Sharif as you can’t find unless you visit the beautiful shrine of Ajmer City.


Ajmer- Home of Ajmer Sharif Shrine

Ajmer is one of the oldest and major cities of Rajasthan and also known as Ajmer- Home of Ajmer Sharif Shrine. Ajmer is located 130 km southwest of the capital Jaipur and 14 km far from the Pushkar. the Ajmer city is named “Ajayameru” which can be translated as “invincible hills”.the city was founded by Rajput king Ajayraj in the 7th century, however, it was annexed by the Slave Dynasty in the 13th century. after defeating the Chauhan ruler Prithviraj Chauhan by Mohammed Gori, Ajmer becomes home to several dynasties.

there are a lot of visiting and attractive places in Ajmer that should be visited once.

1. Pushkar :

Pushkar is a city in the Ajmer district of Rajasthan. It is situated about 10 km northwest of Ajmer and about 150 km southwest of Jaipur, a sacred Hindu site with 52 ghats (stone staircases) where pilgrims bathe. Pushkar is one of the oldest cities in Rajasthan surrounded by hills and one of the favorite tourist destinations among many travelers and visitors. Pushkar is famous for its hundred of temples and one of the largest camel festivals. The most famous among Pushkar temples is the red spired Brahma Temple built by Gurjar Samrat Pushkar, who is the father of Vedmata Gayatri. Pushkar is also significant for its Gurdwaras for Guru Nanak and Guru Govind Singh. One of the bathing ghats is called Govind ghat built by the Sikhs in the memory of Guru Govind Singh.

2. Ajmer Sharif Dargah :

Ajmer- Home of Ajmer Sharif Shrine is the shrine of Sufi saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti situated at the foot of taragarh hills is one of the holiest places in India not only for the Muslims but for the other religions also. the Ajmer Shariff dargah was build in the 13th century by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.

3. Taragarh Fort :

Taragarh Fort is one of the oldest forts in India, build by the Chauhan Rular Ajayraj Chauhan in 1113 AD.there are three gateway of the fort known as Lakshmi Pol, putha Darwaza, and gagudi ki Phatak. most of the parts of these gateways now in ruins.

4.Anasagar Lake :

Anasagar Lake is a beautiful artificial lake build by the Arnoraja, Grandfather of Prithviraj Chauhan between 1135 AD to 1150 AD.the lake was named on the name of Anaji(known as Arnoraja). The Ana Sagar Lake is surrounded by Daulat Bagh Gardens, which is a splendid garden full of vast open spaces and lush greenery, and the Khobar Behroon temple- two popular attractions of Ajmer.

5.Lake Foy Sagar :

Lake Foy Sagar is an artificial lake situated near Ajmer build by an Englishman engineer Mr. Foy in 1892 AD. As part of a famine relief project. It’s a popular picnic spot during the winter. The capacity of the lake is 15 million cubic feet and is spread over an area of 14,000,000 square feet.

6.Mayo College:

Mayo College in Ajmer is known to be one of the best boarding schools in India.it was founded in 1875 by Richard Bourke, the 6th earl of mayo. The idea for the college was proposed in 1869 by Colonel Walter. It was founded in 1875 and Colonel Sir Oliver St John became its first principal. Mayo College was set up to provide the scions of India’s princely states with an education similar to that provided by the Eton College in Britain.

7.Soni Ji ki Nasiyaan :

Soni Ji ki Nasiyaan is a Digember Jain Temple also known as Ajmer Jain Temple or Lal Mandir dedicated to Lord Rishabhdev. the temple is worshipped for Lord Rishabhdev who was the first of 24 Tirthankaras. Soni Ji ki nasiyaan is a great and wonderful example of a rich Jain architect and it is made of red sandstones so it is called a red temple.

8.Prithviraj Smark :

Prithviraj smart is a memorial made in the honor of the brave Chouhan king Prithviraj Chauhan. the memorial is the statue of the king Prithviraj Chauhan III, seated on a horse made of black sandstone. the memorial stands on the top of the hill, surrounded by the Aravalli Hills, giving visitors a very beautiful view of Ajmer city.

9. Nareli Jain Temple :

Nareli Jain temple is also known as Gyandoaya Tirth Kshetra located about 7 km from Ajmer on the national highway to Jaipur. This Temple is a striking facade mixing traditional and contemporary architectural styles with 24 miniature temples lined up on the hill above. Nareli Jain temple is the perfect example of traditional and contemporary architectural styles.


Ajmer Sharif Dargah – Ajmer – Rajasthan

The Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chishty Dargah of Sufi saint is located at Ajmer, Rajasthan (India). The Lake city of Ajmer is well known for the Dargah of Sufi saint Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chishti. It is an old saying that people who visit Ajmer Sharif and pray with pure faith and loyalty at his Dargah will free their soul.

Millions of people of various caste,creed and relligion all across the globe come here to plead and worship and to fulfill their need.And this makes this holy place one of the most visited pilgrimage places in the entire world.

Hazrat Khawaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishti is also known by different names as, Khawaja Gharib Nawaz, “Sultan-Ul-Hind”, Khwaja Baba, Khwaja Gharib Nawaz Ajmeri, Khwaja Sahib, Khwaja Saheb, Khwaja Ajmeri Saint Moinuddin Chishty. The Dargah Khawaja Gharibnawaz ( R.A) has several tombs, buildings, Daalaans and courtyards are of Mughal architecture.

The ‘Dargah Sharif’ in Ajmer is held in great esteem by devotees of all communities. Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chishti had come from Persia and established the Chishtia (Sufi) order at Ajmer, India.

Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chishti was so popular among the masses that his followers cut across all the religions. He was popularly known as ‘Gharib Nawaz’ (protector of the poor) as he dedicated his life to the service of mankind.

History:

The Ajmer Sharif Dargah is considered to be among the holiest Muslim shrines in India and is also a famous landmark in Ajmer. Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chishti, the Sufi saint from Persia is enshrined here. In keeping with his secular teachings, its doors are open to people of all faiths and religions. Some say that Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chishti believed he was a direct descendant of Muhammad and preached his beliefs to the masses. While on his world travel, he was urged by Muhammad, in a dream, to visit India. He reached Ajmer, via Lahore, and made it his home from 1192 till his death in 1236 AD.

The shrine was built by Mughal King Humayun in honour of this saint. You can step inside the Dargah through a series of massive silver doors that lead into a courtyard where the saint’s tomb is centred. Made of marble and gold plating, the actual tomb is guarded by a silver railing and a marble screen. During his reign, Emperor Akbar made a pilgrimage to Ajmer every year. He, as well as Emperor Shah Jahan, built mosques inside the shrine complex. Visitors to the shrine are awed by the atmosphere of peace and serenity that the combined effects of flowers, sweets and burning incense sticks create.


Ajmer

It’s an important railway junction 379 kms SW of Delhi. Delhi- Ahmedabad NH8 also passes through Ajmer. State highway 4 links Ajmer to Udaipur via Nasirabad.

Because Ajmer still functions in the historical shell. A thousand years infrastructure, roads, arches, and gates still contain the function they had done thousand years ago. The plan of Ajmer truthfully speaks of its growth , of values and ego at different ,times –Moughuls and British

Physical and Climatological

  • Situated on the foothills of Aravalli range at an altitude of 486 m.
  • It is situated in a valley, rather than a basin which, it is said , was once the bed of Sagarmati river. This valley is surrounded by hills the town is built at the base and at the longer slope of Taragarh hills.
  • Interwoven vallies create their own microwinds . It enjoys one of the most moderate climates in the state. Mean daily temp varies from 27 c to 40 c during summer and 8c to 23 c during winter.
  • Avg annual rainfall is 50 cm.
  • Founded by Ajaipala Chauhan . Ajayadurga – the supreme strategical position and impregnable of hill. Since 12th century it was under the rule of Chauhans. During this period Arnoraja built the Anasagar Lake.
  • In 1192 Ajmer was captured by Sultan Shabuddin Ghori
  • In 1195 Qutub-ud-din Aibek was appointed governor
  • In 1464 a mausoleum over the tomb of Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti was built.
  • In 1553 rulers of Mewar, Rao Maldiva conqured the city.
  • In 1818 the British came to the city. The extension of the city started with it.

Factors Governing The Form

The urban form, growth intensity have been influenced by the above factors. The city sprawls north south and areas across the railway track remained under developed.

Madar Hills

  • Before 600 AD
    • Early Chauhan
    • Chauhan
    • Pathan
    • Moughal
    • British
    • Pre – Independence

    Adhai-Din-Ka-Jhonpra

    Adhai-Din-Ka-Jhonpra is a remarkable structure of Indo-Islamic architecture said to have been built in two and a half days flat. This mosque was a Sanskrit college in the 12th century.

    Ajmer during Moghul Times

    Aurangzeb – Fought wars which damaged Taragarh Fort and Bisal taal

    • The shrine is in honour of Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti, who came to India from Persia in 1192AD with Mohammad Ghori’s invading army and died here in 1236.
    • Construction of the shrine was started by the Sultan of Delhi Altamash, and completed by Emperor Humayun.
    • Nizam of Hyderabad built a gigantic gate to the entrance of the shrine
    • In the middle of the courtyard is the Dargah, a square, white marble tomb crowned with a domed roof and dual entrances, one made entirely of silver.
    • The Akbari Masjid built in white marble.
    • There is another mosque in the courtyard built by Shahjhan.

    Impact of Dargah on City

    It grew around the Dargah of Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti.

    The street layout in historical to it. The Dargah bazaar was the main access to Dargah

    The British cleared the area and laid out Naya bazaar

    With railway in 1870 the Nullah bazaar became more prominent as it brought in pilgrims

    Wall around Madar gate was demolished and the area developed as most concentrated business district.

    Dargah

    Early British Period

    Military officers added market, streets and localities. Four reservoirs were built.

    Comparative peace and security attracted business community ( Jains and vaishnavs) mostly banking services . Five temples were built.

    British Period

    1884 – railway general office

    Since then railway colony started developing

    Commercial Development

    Onset Of Commercial Development Effect of Jaipur Road Growth Of A New Commercial Centre

    Low rate of growth since independence has attributed to limited scope of economic activities.

    Jaipur being the capital, Ajmer has been loosing its importance as an admininstrative centre & thus resulting in large scale emmigration.

    Ajmer being an important railway and regional transport centre has become a predominantly commercial and service town.

    Residential Areas

    walled city & adjoining areas

    Hathi Bhata, Barhmapuri, Kaisarganj

    Walled City Later Developments Extents

    Educational Centre

    Ajmer was developed into an important educational centre by the British.

    • Mayo college(1882)– For Indian princes and British
    • Government college(1868)
    • DAV college
    • Sophia college
    • Savitri college
    • Regional engineering college

    Recreational Spaces

    • Walled city is extremely defecient in open spaces and parks
    • Daulat bagh and bara dari as the only organised green spaces.
    • Nine movie halls in the city

    Commercial Development

    No restriction on land use

    Non conforming uses like storage and warehousing

    Developed against all principles of indigenous shopping

    Sporadic development of commercial establishments on major circulation routes. It has resulted in eating up of chowks, open areas around historical building and added chaos.

    Industrial Area

    After the arrival of railways in Ajmer railway workshop and grinding machine tools were established.

    The established Indian traders along with railways made Ajmer to shape into a major industrial town.

    Circulation

    Organic growth – The old city and adjoining areas with zig zag pattern – narrow and winding

    During british period roads were laid with adequate right of ways.

    Ajmer being a small town with high concentration of population around city centre, functions efficiently as pedestrian city. Tongas and tempos are only form of public transport

    Streetscape

    HISTORICAL – entrances and focal are highlighted.

    ORGANIC STREETS – evolved in all main bazaars

    MAJOR MOTORABLE SPINE – major institutions located around it

    Clock Tower Naya Bazar

    Pilgrimage & Tourism

    The city has rich historical, religious and cultural heritage.

    • Hindus – pushkar savitri and chamunda temples.
    • Muslims – dargah of peer khwaja moinuddin chisti
    • Jains – chattris of digambar munis

    The city draws four lac pilgrims annually.

    The Taragarh fort, Anasagar lake and adjoining hills have great scenic beauty.

    Taragarh Port Festivals are held in pushkar where six lac people come every year. It attracts a high number of pilgrims as here is the holiest for Hindus Muslims Jains and Arya Samajists.

    Focal Points

    The hills on all sides crowned with beautiful structures .

    Anasagar with Shah jehan pavilion and Daulatbagh

    Dargah – the hub of all activities

    Grouping of imp buildings – kutchery , arya samaj structures , Naya bazaar

    Taragarh Hills Junction marked by a temple

    Railway Road


    However, the history and culture of Ajmer are intriguing indeed. There are many places to visit in the city where you can have your fill of history and culture. Some of the most interesting places to see in the city in this genre include forts, monuments, museums, and archaeological sites. In spite of this, Ajmer is a perfect place. You can symbolize it for the demonstration of Indian culture, ethics. And the perfect blend of a wide plethora of diverse religions, community, culture, linguistics, etc. All coexisting and flourishing in peace and harmony.

    Ajmer Sharif Dargah

    Ajmer Sharif Dargah is the tomb of Moinuddin Chishti. However, it is one of the holiest places in India above, not only for Muslims but followers of every faith. The place has an enormous contribution to spreading Islams’ spiritual values. It is the resting place of Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chishti. Innumerable tourists visit the place throughout the year. The dargah has various constituents includes a tomb, Dallas, and courtyards. To, learn more about the site, you must visit the place at least once and feel the peaceful vibe.

    Ana Sagar Lake

    The beautiful Ana Sagar lake is located in Ajmer, Rajasthan. Above all, The lake offering a majestic sunset view during the evening time. The sight of the lake from the nearby temple is particularly enchanting. It is a splendid garden full of vast open spaces and lush greenery. The Khobar Behroon temple-two popular attractions of Ajmer that tourists prefer to visit along with a day trip to the beautiful lake.

    Adhai Din Ka Jhopra

    In AD 1199, Qutub-ud-din-Aibak, the first sultan of Delhi constructed Adhai Din Ka Jhopra. The structure of the Chopra is the Indo-Islamic. It just took two and half days to build it. Now, most of the ancient temples are ruined. But, Adhai Din ka Jhopra is a relic of an old mosque constructed which remains of Hindu and Jain temples. .

    Akbar’s Palace and Museum

    It was built in 1570 AD. It is the place where Akbar’s troops stayed at Ajmer. The museum showcases various aspects of the Rajput and Mughal style of living and fighting. Apart from this, the large black marble statue of Goddess Kali situated in the palace is quite famous.

    Nareli Jain temple

    This temple is 7km away from Ajmer. And having strikingly appealing designs. Nareli Jain temple is located around Aravali Hills, and its location makes it more fascinating and alluring. The members of the RK marbles family constructed the stunning Nareli Jain temple.


    Was the Dargah Shrine at Ajmer built over a Hindu temple? - History

    Ajmer is an important city, with a population of about 400,000 people, located in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is about 132 kms west of Jaipur and rests in the lap of the serene and beautiful surroundings of the Aravalli Range of hills.

    A Brief History

    Situated in the heart of the Rajasthan desert, Ajmer offers a compatible blend of Sufi culture and Hindu religion. For long, Ajmer was always a politically and spiritually important centre for the Rajputs, the Mughals and the Marathas. It was the seat of administration for the Chauhans till, in 1193, the army of Mohammad Ghori defeated Prithviraj Chauhan. Thereafter, it became a part of the Sultanate of Delhi. However, the Rajputs regained the control of the city with the crusades of Rana Kumbha of Mewar and Raja Maldeo. Now, Ajmer is an important spiritual and cultural centre of India and people from all walks and religions of life throng to the city to seek the blessings of Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishti, whose shrine is located in the heart of the city.

    How to reach Ajmer

    Ajmer can be easily accessed through air, train or road. While the nearest airport is about 138 kms, in the city of Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan, the easier way is to take a train to the city.

    Air: Jaipur Airport, about 138 kms from Ajmer. Fly in to Jaipur. Thereafter, take a train or a bus to Ajmer.

    Rail: Ajmer is well connected with the major cities of India through a Rail network. You can get direct trains to Ajmer from Delhi, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Udaipur, Abu Road, and Jodhpur. To reach from other cities, you will have to change trains at one of the mentioned locations.

    Road: Regular Buses operate from most cities. However, Delhi, Rajashtan and Gujarat offer a good frequency of service. During the Urs time, one can find additional bus services from other cities as well

    Accommodation

    There are a host of RTDC (Rajasthan Tourism Development Council) motels and hotels, which offer a comfortable stay in the city. There are also a couple of Deluxe Hotels, which though expensive, are luxurious and comfortable.

    Hotel Jannet Dargah, Ajmer
    RTDC Hotel Khadim
    RTDC Hotel Khidmat
    Haveli Heritage Inns
    Hotel Man Singh
    RTDC Hotel Sarovar (Pushkar)
    RTDC Tourist Village (Pushkar)
    Hotel Pushkar Palace (Pushkar)

    For further information, contact
    Tourist Information Bureau,
    RTDC Hotel Khadim, Ajmer. Phone: 252426

    0145-2430108
    252490
    252705
    2621607
    250875
    22040
    22070
    22001

    Climate

    Temperatures are very high during summers and very low during winters. Ajmer has a typical desert type of climate. The best period to visit Ajmer is between October and March.

    What to see

    Ajmer offers a plethora of spiritual and cultural delights. We list below a selection of major attractions of Ajmer.

    Dargah Sharief

    It is the final resting-place of the Sufi Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishti. The Dargah of Gharib Nawaz is visited by millions of people from all over the world, irrespective of caste and religion. For more details, click here.

    Chillah Sharief of Hazrat Ghous-Ul-Azam

    The place of meditation of Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (ra), better known as Ghous-Ul-Azam is located atop a hill overlooking the shrine of Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishti.Ghous-Ul-Azam was a contemporary of Hazrat Usman Harooni and Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishti. He was a great Sufi Saint and has left for humanity a treasure of writings and teachings based upon the tenets of the Holy Quran and the Hadith. He was the founder of the Qadirriya Order of Sufis. Millions of devotees throng to his Chillah to invoke his blessings.

    Chillah Sharief of Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishti and the Usmani Chillah

    Situated atop a hill overlooking the Ana Sagar Lake, the Chillah Sharief is where Khwaja Gharib Nawaz meditated for forty days continuously. Here also lie the holy relics of his spiritual guide, Hazrat Khwaja Usman Harooni. Flanking the sides of the meditation place of Khwaja Gharib Nawaz are the holy shrines of the Saints of the Gudri Shahi Order. For more details on the Chillah Sharief, click here.

    Adhai-Din-Ka Jhonpara

    One of the finest examples of Indo-Islamic architecture, this mosque was a Sanskrit college in the 12th century. In 1193 AD Mohammad Ghori converted the college into a mosque. The mosque is built on pillars and surprisingly no two pillars are alike. The archways are finely engraved with Kufi and Jughra inscriptions from the Holy Koran. It is said that the entire mosque was reconstructed in an amazingly short period of two and a half days - thus the name Adhai Din Ka Jhonpara (A hut of two and a half days)

    The Museum

    The Royal Palace of Akbar was converted into a museum and today it houses a rich collection of Mughal and Rajput armoury. Many fine and delicate sculptures of the region have been displayed here. The building itself is constructed in red sandstone, which has been laid in a square pattern giving it a beautiful look.

    Taragarh Fort

    Built in the 7th century by Ajaipal Chauhan, the fort gives a bird's eye view of the city. Taragarh Fort or the 'Star Fort' is situated on a hill and to reach there, one has to take winding bridle path. Situated atop the hill is the Holy Shrine of Martyr Sawar Sharief.

    Ana Sagar Lake

    Ana Sagar Lake is located towards the north of the city. The famous lake was built between 1135-1150 AD by Anaji. Later, the Mughal Emperors made additional constructions around the lake to add to its splendour. Shah Jahan built a marble pavilion now called the Baradari, while Emperor Jehangir laid the beautiful Daulat Bagh gardens, where people still go in plenty to walk and enjoy the greenery.

    Nasiyan (Jain Temple)

    This red coloured temple was built in the late 19th century. The wooden gilt in the double storied hall depicts scenes from Jain mythology. It is an interesting place to visit. Offers examples of fine craftsmanship.

    Pushkar

    The Sister City of Ajmer, Pushkar is only 11 Kms away from the city. The road to Pushkar passes through the Nag Pahar or the Snake Mountain. It is a sacred city of Hindus and boasts of the only existing temple in Asia dedicated to Lord Brahma. According to Hindu Mythology, this lake was formed when a lotus flower fell in the valley from the hands Lord Brahma. There are 52 bathing ghats around the Pushkar Lake and each of them is supposed to be endowed with special mystical powers. For instance, the Naga Kund is for fertility, the Roop Tirth is for beauty while the Kapil Vyapi Kund is said to possess powers that can help cure Leprosy. The famous Pushkar fair is held every year on the Kartik Purnima (Full moon during the Hindu month of Kartik). This fair is famous for its animal bazaar where cattle and herds of camel are traded between villagers from nearby. A time for celebrations and festivities is made bright and colourful with folk dancers and traditional folk musicians performing round the clock.

    KishanGarh

    Kishangarh was an ancient school of art where painting miniatures had reached a pinnacle of excellence and worldwide acclaim. 27 Kms from Ajmer, towards Jaipur, Kishangarh is now an important town for Marble mining and trade. This town of artists is also famous for Gundelao Lake, Phool Mahal Palace, Temple of Sri Kalyan Raiji and the Majhala palace.


    Ajmer Sharif Dargah:

    The Ajmer Sharif dargah has eleven arches with Persian inscription that runs across the building. Ajmer Sharif dargah was popular amongst the Mughal rulers. Some of the prominent rulers who visited the place are Muhammad bin Tughlaq, Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan, Jahanara Begum, Aurangzeb to name a few.

    After a few centuries, Akbar reconstructed this dargah and built a dome in 1579. It underwent further renovation over the years by Jahangir, Shah Jahan and Jahanara Begum. Akbar and Shah Jahan expanded the complex by building mosques. Moinuddin Chisti’s marble tomb lies in the center of the complex and has a marble screen.

    Akbar in 1568 and Jahangir in 1614 offered a large degh each. A degh is a brass cauldron to cook food. These degh’s are even in use today. The dargah distributes the food made using rice, wheat, dry fruits and ghee in recognition to the Sufi saint’s warmth and kindness.

    Death anniversary (Urs) of Moinuddin Chisti attracts millions of pilgrims worldwide. Many pilgrims offer chadars (sacred cloth) during the Urs in the dargah. Next year will be the 809th Urs of the saint.

    Ajmer Sharif Dargah of Sufi Saint Moinuddin Chisti. As per belief, Moinuddin Chisti traveled to Ajmer on the advise of Muhammad.


    Ajmer Sharif

    The Lake city of Ajmer is well known for the Dargah of Sufi saint Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chishti. The 'Dargah Sharif' in Ajmer is held in great esteem by devotees of all communities. Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chishti had come from Persia and established the Chishtia (Sufi) order at Ajmer, India. Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chishti was so popular among the masses that his followers cut across all the religions. He was popularly known as 'Gharib Nawaz' (protector of the poor) as he dedicated his life to the service of mankind.

    Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chishti left for heavenly abode in 1256 AD after a six day prayer in seclusion. To commemorate those six days, the annual Urs, which is attended by innumerable pilgrims irrespective of their faith, is held at Ajmer every year. The shrine (Dargah Sharif) is considered to be a place where wishes of everyone are fulfilled. During the medieval period Akbar, the great Mughal emperor also visited the Dargah Sharif and sought blessings for his son.

    The Dargah Bazaar leads to the inner courtyard of the Dargah Sharif. The high gateway of the Dargah has beautifully carved silver doors. In the courtyard there are two huge cauldrons. The grave of Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chishti is surrounded by a silver railing and is partially covered with a marble screen. The prayer room for women devotees at the Dargah was built by the daughter of Shah Jahan, the Mughal king. In the premises of the Dargah Sharif there are tombs of Khwaja's daughter, Bibi Hafiz Jama and the tomb of Shah Jahan's daughter.


    Watch the video: Dargah Vlog Hazrat Sayyad Imaam Qadri Sahab In Amravati एक बर जरर दखन दसत रह खश ह जएग